Thomas Paine  1737 - 1809,
the "Father of the American Revolution"        
... a man who, General Lee says, has genius in his eyes - John Adams


COMMON SENSE
was written in 1775 before the Declaration of Independence
 


CRISIS I
"These are the times that try men's souls ... "
 

The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country;
but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.
 
 

The Statue of Thomas Paine in Burnham Park
at MORRISTOWN, NJ
 
by GEORG LOBER       

The statue was dedicated July 4, 1950  in the 174th Year of American Independence.
   
THIS ADDRESS WAS GIVEN IN MORRISTOWN ON JULY 4, 1950 
<=

 

           MORRISTOWN, NJ            

   MORE PHOTOS of the few statues of Thomas Paine are below  

 Paris Statue Detail Top
 
Paris Statue Mid Detail 
PARIS, FRANCE


 
 
 
Thetford, England

Tom Paine was born on January 29 - - -
JANUARY 29 CELEBRATIONS REMEMBER TOM PAINE'S 
DEVOTION TO FREEDOM AND COMMON SENSE

 

 
Side view  
 
Bordentown, NJ

   Bust   
A bust of Thomas Paine in
 NEW ROCHELLE, NY
at a museum dedicated to some information on T. P.
(My opinion is that this is not a very good rendering of the Paine image - TJC)



There is also a bust in the
HALL OF FAME OF GREAT AMERICANS at the  BRONX COMMUNITY COLLEGE
- CUNY
the original site in the late 1800s of New York University in BRONX, NY   Visit the college's web site from here ...

BACK Hall of Fame Home Page NEXT
 
THOMAS PAINE

1737-1809.

Elected 1945 to the Hall of Fame.

Writer and political reformer. His pamphlet, "Common Sense," aroused Americans to declare independence in 1776.  It was written in late 1774 before the Declaration of independence (1776).  His series of "Crisis papers" may have saved the struggling new democratic-republic.

Sculptor: Malvina Hoffman, 1952.

 

        A closer look at the bust of Thomas Paine                                           
              
Number 25  at the Pantheon of American Heroes at the HALL of FAME.                  
Oil Painting -1880- By Auguste Millière (16 x 12inches)
                                                                                                                                  from the National Portrait Gallery, London.  

 

       

                              Thomas Paine 1737 - 1809                                                                                                 After the engraving by William Sharp, 
                              Sculptor: MALVINA HOFFMAN 1952
                                                                               which was after a portrait by George Romney -1792. 
                               from w w w . bcc.ccny. edu/HallOfFame/Online Tour/Busts/025.jpg                      
                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                           
  

Thomas Paine 1737 - 1809 ,
the "Father of the American Revolution",

was the first to propose, with his publication of Common Sense, actual American Independence from a system of Aristocratic Royalty  - 
by suggesting a Democratic Republic for the "United States of America," a name attributed to him -
with a Unicameral Congress, as adopted by Pennsylvania.  He inspired the Declaration of Independence.



He proposed the Abolition of Negro Slavery; proposed Arbitration for International Peace; advocated Justice for Women; pointed out the Reality of Human Brotherhood; suggested International Copyright; invented a suspension bridge and smokeless candle; proposed the Education of Children of the Poor at public expense; suggested a Great Republic of All Nations of the world.  He urged the Purchase of the great Louisiana Territory.  He proposed pension payments or Old Age Pensions.  He also suggested protection for dumb animals.  We have honored him when we have adopted these sane propositions.

Tom Paine had a gripping style of writing with daring ideas and daring words.  He served as inspirer of soldiers in retreat. He was a soldier from Pennsylvania at Perth Amboy, NJ and, subsequently, served with General Greene near Fort LEE, NJ.  Paine saw the defeat of the Americans at Fort Washington, NY on "Washington Heights" across the Hudson River from Fort Lee.  He marched through New Jersey, where he began his inspiring writings, CRISIS ..., which George Washington had read before his troops.

Tom Paine had been a friend of Thomas Jefferson - 
and of  "BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, the only signer of four major documents: Declaration of Independence; Treaty of Alliance with France; Treaty of Paris to end the war; and the Constitution".  

Tom Paine strove to spread the idea of a Republic with Wide Suffrage - in America, England and France, and he even went to a dungeon-jail in France and narrowly missed execution for many of "his" - now "our" courageous beliefs.  

                                                                      
He died in 1809 in
Greenwich Village, NY on Grand Street in relative poverty. 
His bones had been buried near his home in New Rochelle, NY, but ten years later,
the bones were brought to England for a monument to him - which was refused.       
His marked bones are here-and-there . . . thankfully,                                               
                   a search and expensive DNA studies of his relics are slowly being pursued to honor him again.
   

-- Some of this was taken from Elbert Hubbard. 

SOME WEB SITES WOULD IMPLY THAT PAINE WAS AN ATHIEST ... WRONG !  READ HIS WORKS !  HE WAS A DEIST !

For a wonderful summary in the FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA  <<==Click here 
FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA for Thomas Paine - Captured June 2005 

Tom Paine never dressed in glittering gold !
as the statue in Morristown, NJ was first seen.

   
Tom Paine's convictions for a republic even led him to JOIN the army of the "United States" in '76.
He saw duty at Perth Amboy and later with General Greene on the "advance" across New Jersey. 
There he wrote Crisis I . . .

Many of the founding fathers were Deists.

Some websites incorrectly cast some as Atheists.



Crisis  I    Written in the nadir-days of the war.

"THESE are the times that try men's souls. 

The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. 

 

Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives every thing its value. Heaven knows how to put a proper price upon its goods; and it would be strange indeed if so celestial an article as FREEDOM should not be highly rated. 

 

Britain, with an army to enforce her tyranny, has declared that she has a right (not only to TAX) but "to BIND us in ALL CASES WHATSOEVER," and if being bound in that manner, is not slavery, then is there not such a thing as slavery upon earth. Even the expression is impious; for so unlimited a power can belong only to God.

 

Whether the independence of the continent was declared too soon, or delayed too long, I will not now enter into as an argument; my own simple opinion is, that had it been eight months earlier, it would have been much better. We did not make a proper use of last winter, neither could we, while we were in a dependent state. However, the fault, if it were one, was all our own*; we have none to blame but ourselves. But no great deal is lost yet. All that Howe has been doing for this month past, is rather a ravage than a conquest, which the spirit of the Jerseys, a year ago, would have quickly repulsed, and which time and a little resolution will soon recover.
 

The present winter is worth an age, if rightly employed; but, if lost or neglected, the whole continent will partake of the evil; and there is no punishment that man does not deserve, be he who, or what, or where he will, that may be the means of sacrificing a season so precious and useful.

I have as little superstition in me as any man living, but my secret opinion has ever been, and still is, that God Almighty will not give up a people to military destruction, or leave them unsupportedly to perish, who have so earnestly and so repeatedly sought to avoid the calamities of war, by every decent method which wisdom could invent. Neither have I so much of the infidel in me, as to suppose that He has relinquished the government of the world, and given us up to the care of devils; and as I do not, I cannot see on what grounds the king of Britain can look up to heaven for help against us: a common murderer, a highwayman, or a house-breaker, has as good a pretence as he.

 

 'Tis surprising to see how rapidly a panic will sometimes run through a country. All nations and ages have been subject to them. Britain has trembled like an ague at the report of a French fleet of flat-bottomed boats; and in the fourteenth [fifteenth] century the whole English army, after ravaging the kingdom of France, was driven back like men petrified with fear; and this brave exploit was performed by a few broken forces collected and headed by a woman, Joan of Arc. Would that heaven might inspire some Jersey maid to spirit up her countrymen, and save her fair fellow sufferers from ravage and ravishment! 

 

Yet panics, in some cases, have their uses; they produce as much good as hurt. Their duration is always short; the mind soon grows through them, and acquires a firmer habit than before. But their peculiar advantage is, that they are the touchstones of sincerity and hypocrisy, and bring things and men to light, which might otherwise have lain forever undiscovered. In fact, they have the same effect on secret traitors, which an imaginary apparition would have upon a private murderer. They sift out the hidden thoughts of man, and hold them up in public to the world. 

 

Many a disguised Tory has lately shown his head, that shall penitentially solemnize with curses the day on which Howe arrived upon the Delaware.

 

As I was with the troops at Fort Lee, and marched with them to the edge of Pennsylvania, I am well acquainted with many circumstances, which those who live at a distance know but little or nothing of. Our situation there was exceedingly cramped, the place being a narrow neck of land between the North River and the Hackensack. Our force was inconsiderable, being not one-fourth so great as Howe could bring against us. We had no army at hand to have relieved the garrison, had we shut ourselves up and stood on our defence. Our ammunition, light artillery, and the best part of our stores, had been removed, on the apprehension that Howe would endeavor to penetrate the Jerseys, in which case Fort Lee could be of no use to us; for it must occur to every thinking man, whether in the army or not, that these kind of field forts are only for temporary purposes, and last in use no longer than the enemy directs his force against the particular object which such forts are raised to defend. 

 

Such was our situation and condition at Fort Lee on the morning of the 20th of November, when an officer arrived with information that the enemy with 200 boats had landed about seven miles above; Major General [Nathaniel] Green, who commanded the garrison, immediately ordered them under arms, and sent express to General Washington at the town of Hackensack, distant by the way of the ferry = six miles. Our first object was to secure the bridge over the Hackensack, which laid up the river between the enemy and us, about six miles from us, and three from them. General Washington arrived in about three-quarters of an hour, and marched at the head of the troops towards the bridge, which place I expected we should have a brush for; however, they did not choose to dispute it with us, and the greatest part of our troops went over the bridge, the rest over the ferry, except some which passed at a mill on a small creek, between the bridge and the ferry, and made their way through some marshy grounds up to the town of Hackensack, and there passed the river. 

 

We brought off as much baggage as the wagons could contain, the rest was lost. The simple object was to bring off the garrison, and march them on till they could be strengthened by the Jersey or Pennsylvania militia, so as to be enabled to make a stand.  We staid four days at Newark, collected our out-posts with some of the Jersey militia, and marched out twice to meet the enemy, on being informed that they were advancing, though our numbers were greatly inferior to theirs. 

 

Howe, in my little opinion, committed a great error in generalship in not throwing a body of forces off from Staten Island through Amboy, by which means he might have seized all our stores at Brunswick, and intercepted our march into Pennsylvania; but if we believe the power of hell to be limited, we must likewise believe that their agents are under some providential control.

 

I shall not now attempt to give all the particulars of our retreat to the Delaware; suffice it for the present to say, that both officers and men, though greatly harassed and fatigued, frequently without rest, covering, or provision, the inevitable consequences of a long retreat, bore it with a manly and martial spirit. All their wishes centred in one, which was, that the country would turn out and help them to drive the enemy back. 

 

Voltaire has remarked that King William never appeared to full advantage but in difficulties and in action; the same remark may be made on General Washington, for the character fits him. There is a natural firmness in some minds which cannot be unlocked by trifles, but which, when unlocked, discovers a cabinet of fortitude; and I reckon it among those kind of public blessings, which we do not immediately see, that God hath blessed him with uninterrupted health, and given him a mind that can even flourish upon care.

 

I shall conclude this paper with some miscellaneous remarks on the state of our affairs; and shall begin with asking the following question, Why is it that the enemy have left the New England provinces, and made these middle ones the seat of war? The answer is easy: New England is not infested with Tories, and we are. I have been tender in raising the cry against these men, and used numberless arguments to show them their danger, but it will not do to sacrifice a world either to their folly or their baseness. The period is now arrived, in which either they or we must change our sentiments, or one or both must fall. And what is a Tory? Good God! what is he? I should not be afraid to go with a hundred Whigs against a thousand Tories, were they to attempt to get into arms. Every Tory is a coward; for servile, slavish, self-interested fear is the foundation of Toryism; and a man under such influence, though he may be cruel, never can be brave.

 

But, before the line of irrecoverable separation be drawn between us, let us reason the matter together: Your conduct is an invitation to the enemy, yet not one in a thousand of you has heart enough to join him. Howe is as much deceived by you as the American cause is injured by you. He expects you will all take up arms, and flock to his standard, with muskets on your shoulders. Your opinions are of no use to him, unless you support him personally, for 'tis soldiers, and not Tories, that he wants.

 

I once felt all that kind of anger, which a man ought to feel, against the mean principles that are held by the Tories: a noted one, who kept a tavern at Amboy, was standing at his door, with as pretty a child in his hand, about eight or nine years old, as I ever saw, and after speaking his mind as freely as he thought was prudent, finished with this unfatherly expression, "Well! give me peace in my day." Not a man lives on the continent but fully believes that a separation must some time or other finally take place, and a generous parent should have said, "If there must be trouble, let it be in my day, that my child may have peace;" and this single reflection, well applied, is sufficient to awaken every man to duty. 

 

Not a place upon earth might be so happy as America. Her situation is remote from all the wrangling world, and she has nothing to do but to trade with them. A man can distinguish himself between temper and principle, and I am as confident, as I am that God governs the world, that America will never be happy till she gets clear of foreign dominion. Wars, without ceasing, will break out till that period arrives, and the continent must in the end be conqueror; for though the flame of liberty may sometimes cease to shine, the coal can never expire.

 

America did not, nor does not want force; but she wanted a proper application of that force. Wisdom is not the purchase of a day, and it is no wonder that we should err at the first setting off. From an excess of tenderness, we were unwilling to raise an army, and trusted our cause to the temporary defence of a well-meaning militia. A summer's experience has now taught us better; yet with those troops, while they were collected, we were able to set bounds to the progress of the enemy, and, thank God! they are again assembling. I always considered militia as the best troops in the world for a sudden exertion, but they will not do for a long campaign. 

 

Howe, it is probable, will make an attempt on this city [Philadelphia]; should he fail on this side the Delaware, he is ruined. If he succeeds, our cause is not ruined. He stakes all on his side against a part on ours; admitting he succeeds, the consequence will be, that armies from both ends of the continent will march to assist their suffering friends in the middle states; for he cannot go everywhere, it is impossible. 

 

I consider Howe as the greatest enemy the Tories have; he is bringing a war into their country, which, had it not been for him and partly for themselves, they had been clear of. Should he now be expelled, I wish with all the devotion of a Christian, that the names of Whig and Tory may never more be mentioned; but should the Tories give him encouragement to come, or assistance if he come, I as sincerely wish that our next year's arms may expel them from the continent, and the Congress appropriate their possessions to the relief of those who have suffered in well-doing.

 

A single successful battle next year will settle the whole. America could carry on a two years' war by the confiscation of the property of disaffected persons, and be made happy by their expulsion. Say not that this is revenge, call it rather the soft resentment of a suffering people, who, having no object in view but the good of all, have staked their own all upon a seemingly doubtful event. Yet it is folly to argue against determined hardness; eloquence may strike the ear, and the language of sorrow draw forth the tear of compassion, but nothing can reach the heart that is steeled with prejudice.

 

Quitting this class of men, I turn with the warm ardor of a friend to those who have nobly stood, and are yet determined to stand the matter out: I call not upon a few, but upon all: not on this state or that state, but on every state: up and help us; lay your shoulders to the wheel; better have too much force than too little, when so great an object is at stake. 

 

Let it be told to the future world, that in the depth of winter, when nothing but hope and virtue could survive, that the city and the country, alarmed at one common danger, came forth to meet and to repulse it. Say not that thousands are gone, turn out your tens of thousands; throw not the burden of the day upon Providence, but "show your faith by your works," that God may bless you. 

 

It matters not where you live, or what rank of life you hold, the evil or the blessing will reach you all. The far and the near, the home counties and the back, the rich and the poor, will suffer or rejoice alike. The heart that feels not now is dead; the blood of his children will curse his cowardice, who shrinks back at a time when a little might have saved the whole, and made them happy. 

 

I love the man that can smile in trouble, that can gather strength from distress, and grow brave by reflection. 'Tis the business of little minds to shrink; but he whose heart is firm, and whose conscience approves his conduct, will pursue his principles unto death. 

 

My own line of reasoning is to myself as straight and clear as a ray of light. Not all the treasures of the world, so far as I believe, could have induced me to support an offensive war, for I think it murder; but if a thief breaks into my house, burns and destroys my property, and kills or threatens to kill me, or those that are in it, and to "bind me in all cases whatsoever" to his absolute will, am I to suffer it? What signifies it to me, whether he who does it is a king or a common man; my countryman or not my countryman; whether it be done by an individual villain, or an army of them? If we reason to the root of things we shall find no difference; neither can any just cause be assigned why we should punish in the one case and pardon in the other. 

 

Let them call me rebel and welcome, I feel no concern from it; but I should suffer the misery of devils, were I to make a whore of my soul by swearing allegiance to one whose character is that of a sottish, stupid, stubborn, worthless, brutish man. 

 

I conceive likewise a horrid idea in receiving mercy from a being, who at the last day shall be shrieking to the rocks and mountains to cover him, and fleeing with terror from the orphan, the widow, and the slain of America.

 

There are cases which cannot be overdone by language, and this is one. There are persons, too, who see not the full extent of the evil which threatens them; they solace themselves with hopes that the enemy, if he succeed, will be merciful. It is the madness of folly, to expect mercy from those who have refused to do justice; and even mercy, where conquest is the object, is only a trick of war; the cunning of the fox is as murderous as the violence of the wolf, and we ought to guard equally against both. 

 

Howe's first object is, partly by threats and partly by promises, to terrify or seduce the people to deliver up their arms and receive mercy. The ministry recommended the same plan to Gage, and this is what the tories call making their peace, "a peace which passeth all understanding" indeed! A peace which would be the immediate forerunner of a worse ruin than any we have yet thought of. 

 

Ye men of Pennsylvania, do reason upon these things! Were the back counties to give up their arms, they would fall an easy prey to the Indians, who are all armed: this perhaps is what some Tories would not be sorry for. Were the home counties to deliver up their arms, they would be exposed to the resentment of the back counties who would then have it in their power to chastise their defection at pleasure. And were any one state to give up its arms, that state must be garrisoned by all Howe's army of Britons and Hessians to preserve it from the anger of the rest. 

 

Mutual fear is the principal link in the chain of mutual love, and woe be to that state that breaks the compact. Howe is mercifully inviting you to barbarous destruction, and men must be either rogues or fools that will not see it. I dwell not upon the vapors of imagination; I bring reason to your ears, and, in language as plain as A, B, C, hold up truth to your eyes.

 

I thank God, that I fear not. I see no real cause for fear. I know our situation well, and can see the way out of it. While our army was collected, Howe dared not risk a battle; and it is no credit to him that he decamped from the White Plains, and waited a mean opportunity to ravage the defenseless Jerseys; but it is great credit to us, that, with a handful of men, we sustained an orderly retreat for near an hundred miles, brought off our ammunition, all our field pieces, the greatest part of our stores, and had four rivers to pass. None can say that our retreat was precipitate, for we were near three weeks in performing it, that the country might have time to come in. Twice we marched back to meet the enemy, and remained out till dark. The sign of fear was not seen in our camp, and had not some of the cowardly and disaffected inhabitants spread false alarms through the country, the Jerseys had never been ravaged. 

 

Once more we are again collected and collecting; our new army at both ends of the continent is recruiting fast, and we shall be able to open the next campaign with sixty thousand men, well armed and clothed. This is our situation, and who will may know it. 

 

By perseverance and fortitude we have the prospect of a glorious issue; by cowardice and submission, the sad choice of a variety of evils- a ravaged country- a depopulated city- habitations without safety, and slavery without hope- our homes turned into barracks and bawdy-houses for Hessians, and a future race to provide for, whose fathers we shall doubt of. Look on this picture and weep over it! and if there yet remains one thoughtless wretch who believes it not, let him suffer it unlamented.                  

COMMON SENSE."

December 23, 1776. - three days before the critical battle - the United States victory at Trenton, NJ
 

THOMAS PAINE :

 
BURNHAM PARK
- MORRISTOWN, NJ  USA

  =top=>  Thomas Paine  


More about the statues ...

 
A Bust of Thomas Paine
in New Rochelle, NY

Bust 

Thomas Paine property of about 300 acres was given to him by the State of New York for his great service to "the United States of America,"  a phrase that Tom Paine coined !

 

Photo of his cottage by the Thomas Paine National Historical Society

Tom Paine gave instructions for construction, and he later added the east wing.  It was nearby (on Paine Street) before it was moved to its site near a museum dedicated to him - also on his property in New Rochelle, NY at NORTH AVENUE and VALLEY RD.  

Thomas Paine died in Greenwich Village, Manhattan, NY.  He was originally buried in New Rochelle- therein is a story!  This super patriot is remembered and loved in France, a land whose resources joined with ours to win "our" AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

 


THOMAS PAINE  WRITING "CRISIS 1" IN 1776
1737 - 1809                                                                                             

Statue of Thomas Paine - Burnham Park - Morristown, NJ  by GEORG LOBER
Dedicated July 4, 1950  in the 174th Year of American Independence
The above photo is by Tom J. Collins of Morristown, NJ


ENGLISH BY BIRTH
The gold-ish coated statue at Thetford, England

[thomas Paine statue]            

One of the few statues in Britain to have been provided by overseas subscription, this modern representation of Thomas Paine graces the town of his birth. As author of 'The Rights of Man', Thomas Paine is seen as one of the founding fathers of the United States. Given in 1964 by the Thomas Paine foundation of America.

These photos were presented by
home.mindspring.com/~phila1
 (Note: monuments in Morristown have been cleaned & RESTORED

THETFORD 
Queen Boudicca rebeled against the Romans
King Swein, 'Forkbeard,'  burned the town
Saxon capitol of East Anglia
Own 10th century mint
Medieval religious center
Clunic priory - 12th century
Spa town in the 19th century
Manufacturer of Burrell's steam traction engines
Castle Hill medieval earthwork
Thomas Paine birthplace in a house at the top of Hart Street
Sikh Maharajah Duleep Singh of the Punjab (1838-1893)
Prince Frederick founded the town museum

Visit Paine's birthplace at 
     THOMAS  PAINE HOTEL - [ 14 rooms ]
     White Hart Street  
     THETFORD, Norfolk IP24 1AA - 

Tel: 01842 755631  Fax: 01842 766505
email: thomaspainehotel@netscapeonline.co.uk

Other hotels there :
    The Anchor Hotel   [ 16 rooms ]  Bridge Street  Tel:  01842 763925
    The Bell Hotel  [ 47 rooms ]  King Street  Tel: 01842 755631 
    Wereham House Hotel  [ 8 rooms ]  Tel: 01842 761956 
Bed & Breakfasts : email - Town Council  thetfordtc@cs.com 
   


FRENCH CITIZEN BY DECREE
Statue by Gutzon Borglum of Thomas Paine in Paris, France

This statue was dedicated after the Thomas Paine anniversary dinner at which Borglum, of Mount Rushmore fame, and Helen Keller, blind-deaf, attended in Paris.  The next day, Borglum and the heroic Helen went to the Rodin museum, where she was allowed to touch the faces of such famous statues as "The Thinker" and "The Kiss."  Gutzon was quite emotionally impressed by Helen's observations.  She believed that "The Thinker" was about to shed tears.

Paris Statue Detail Top
Paris Statue Mid Detail
photos by Chad Novacek

Located in Parc Montsouris - PARIS

Some of these photos were presented on the website :
home.mindspring.com/~phila1
 (Note: monuments in Morristown have been cleaned & RESTORED)


Bordentown, NJ Statue Dedicated in 1997

Side view  
Sculpted by Lawrence Holofcener.   

Dedicated on June 7, 1997 by the Bordentown Historical Society.


Thomas Paine invented a cantilevered bridge (England); this statue is located near a bridge in Bordentown, NJ - to be named for him.  The beautiful town still looks like the colonial village when Tom lived there
!

                                                                                             
Tom's House in Bordentown    
    Burlington County, NJ 
   He was also gifted property in New Rochelle, NY 
                                          He died in Greenwich Village, NY in 1809.

A description of the 1997 dedication at BORDENTON, NJ  (from Mindsprimg.com permission being sought to display)
 

Page of Paine

New Sculpture of Thomas Paine in Bordentown - 1997

Honors Common Sense

Washington's sword would have been wielded in vain had it not been supported by the pen of Paine. — John Adams

 

Thomas Paine, a hero of freethought and legendary figure of the American Revolution, is immortalized this summer with a new statue erected in Bordentown, New Jersey, where he resided, created inventions and wrote articles after the Revolutionary War was won.

Paine's statue unveiled at a dedication ceremony as part of a festive weekend June 6-8, 1997, featured a historical reenactment of battles and skirmishes which took place prior to the Occupation of Bordentown by the British during the spring of 1778.

The statue features Paine standing with one foot resting up on a rock bearing the inscription "We have in our power to begin the world over again," from his book Common Sense, which inspired the colonists to war on behalf of democratic rights and independence, and not just a tax rebellion. Paine is depicted holding a copy of Common Sense in one hand and gesturing forward with the other. At his feet are his other great works, The Age of Reason, Rights of Man and American Crisis, as well as his musket.

The statue creates the first memorial to Common Sense, which exemplifies the American Revolution. The memorial depicts Paine as both author and soldier. Paine wrote Common Sense in the fall of 1775, in support of representative government, democracy and equality for all. He is credited in some circles with ghost-authoring the Declaration of Independence. This transformed America's mission from a rebellion against taxation into a struggle for independence and self-determination. Paine donated the proceeds from Common Sense to the Revolution. In 1776-77, Paine fought in the army as an Aide-de-Camp for General Greene. In 1777 he was appointed Chairman to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

During and following the war, Paine made Bordentown his home as a house guest of his wealthy friend Joseph Kirkbride. Kirkbride had fled Pennsbury Manor when his home was burned by the English. Paine purchased property in Bordentown, a house and seven acres, and lived there until 1787 when he travelled to Europe, and again after his return.

Paine's likeness was taken from the life-sitting portrait made by George Romney in 1789. It is the only statue of Paine to do so. Paine's monument at Bordentown is the fifth monument to Paine in the world. The first was erected in New Rochelle, New York in 1832 where his remains were first buried. Another statue in Morristown, New Jersey commemorates the writing of Crisis I. Another exists in Thetford, England, and a fifth in Paris commemorates his role in the French Revolution.

The artist responsible for sculpting the memorial statue to Thomas Paine is Lawrence Holofcener, formerly of the Princeton, New Jersey area, currently residing on the Isle of Wight in England. Holofcener is well known as a playwright, actor and director in addition to his accomplishments as a sculptor. His most famous works include "Allies," depicting Roosevelt and Churchill, which is located on Bond Street in London, and the "Faces of Laurence Olivier," also in London. Holofcener was selected for the project for his artistic abilities, especially his ability to capture expressions in his sculptures, and for his admiration for Thomas Paine as an historical figure and philosopher.

The project to erect a statue began two years ago when the Bordentown Historical Society formed the Thomas Paine Memorial Committee. Following the efforts of George Earle, a long-time resident who has promoted Paine in Bordentown, the committee set about to raise funds and find a sculptor to do a small high relief. The incredible support for the project, including a sizable grant from the James Hervey Johnson Educational Trust, enabled the full life-size sculpture to take form.

Up to 1200 actors with authentic garb, equipment and personas are expected to converge on Bordentown for the Revolutionary War Re-enactment. Two simulated battles will take place on Saturday and Sunday afternoons. In keeping with the spirit of Thomas Paine, all the events and reenactments are open to the public and admission is free.


Ben Franklin gave Tom Paine a letter of reference.
Ben owed thanks to Burlington County, too.  <== Click

The other photos were presented by
home.mindspring.com/~phila1
 
(Note: monuments in Morristown have been cleaned & RESTORED)


Thomas Paine was the first of all men who proposed American independence; suggested the Federal Union of States; proposed the abolition of Negro slavery; suggested protection for dumb animals; proposed arbitration and international peace; advocated justice to women; pointed out the reality of human brotherhood; suggested international copyright; proposed the education of children of the poor at public expense; suggested a great republic of all nations of the world, and urged the purchase of the great Louisiana Territory. -- Elbert Hubbard


 

AMERICAN BY ADOPTION
Insert a photo here of a
(to be?) wonderful statue in Washington, DC !?

RESERVED SPACE FOR A PHOTO OF ANY NEW STATUE OF TOM PAINE

 

 

May be planned for the year 2176? - don't hold your breath!
COURAGE, POLITICIANS, COURAGE!


AUTHOR OF * COMMON SENSE * THE AMERICAN CRISIS *RIGHTS OF MEN * THE AGE OF REASON *

Q U O T E S   A B O U T    T H O M A S   P A I N E
FROM OUR FOUNDING FATHERS
as shown on the base of the statue in Morristown, NJ

"FREE AMERICA WITHOUT HER THOMAS PAINE IS UNTHINKABLE."  Lafayette

"THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES CANNOT LOOK BACK UPON THE TIME OF THEIR OWN REVOLUTION WITHOUT RECOLLECTING AMONG THE NAMES OF THEIR MOST DISTINGUISHED PATRIOTS  THAT OF THOMAS PAINE."   James Monroe

"HISTORY IS TO ASCRIBE THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION TO THOMAS PAINE."   John Adams

"AMERICA IS INDEBTED TO FEW CHARACTERS MORE THAN YOU."  
General
Nathaniel Green

"WASHINGTON'S SWORD WOULD HAVE BEEN WIELDED IN VAIN  HAD IT NOT BEEN SUPPORTED BY THE PEN OF PAINE."   John Adams

"YOUR PRESENCE MAY REMIND CONGRESS (AND THE PEOPLE) OF YOUR PAST SERVICES TO THIS COUNTRY."  George Washington  

"BE ASSURED MY DEAR FRIEND THAT INSTEAD OF REPENTING THAT I WAS YOUR INTRODUCER IN AMERICA  I VALUE MYSELF ON THE SHARE I HAD IN PROCURING FOR IT THE ACQUISITION OF SO USEFUL AND VALUABLE CITIZEN"   Benjamin Franklin


Q U O T E S   F R O M   T H O M A S   P A I N E  :
as shown on the base of the statue in Morristown, NJ    

THOSE WHO EXPECT TO REAP THE BLESSINGS OF FREEDOMS MUST LIKE MEN  UNDERGO THE FATIGUES OF SUPPORTING IT.

INDEPENDENCE IS MY HAPPINESS AND I VIEW THINGS AS THEY ARE WITHOUT REGARD TO PLACE OR PERSON - MY COUNTRY IS THE WORLD - AND MY RELIGION IS TO DO GOOD.

IT IS FOLLY TO ARGUE AGAINST DETERMINED HARDNESS   ELOQUENCE MAY STRIKE THE EAR - AND THE LANGUAGE OF SORROW DRAW FORTH THE TEAR OF COMPASSION  BUT NOTHING CAN REACH THE HEART THAT IS STEELED WITH PREJUDICE.

WE FIGHT NOT TO ENSLAVE  BUT TO SET A COUNTRY FREE AND TO MAKE ROOM UPON EARTH FOR HONEST MEN TO LIVE IN.

IT IS AN AFFRONT TO TRUTH TO TREAT FALSEHOOD WITH COMPLAISANCE.

 


African Slavery In America

by Thomas Paine       

(Editor's Note: Although Paine was not the first, as some have said, to advocate the aboliton of slavery in Amerca, he was certainly one of the earliest and most influential. The essay was written in 1774 and published March 8, 1775 when it appeared in the Pennsylvania Journal and the Weekly Advertiser. Just a few weeks later on April 14, 1775 the first anti-slavery society in America was formed in Philadelphia. Paine was a founding member).
                                        = = =
To Americans:

That some desperate wretches should be willing to steal and enslave men by violence and murder for gain, is rather lamentable than strange. But that many civilized, nay, Christianized people should approve, and be concerned in the savage practice, is surprising; and still persist, though it has been so often proved contrary to the light of nature, to every principle of Justice and Humanity, and even good policy, by a succession of eminent men, and several late publications.

Our Traders in MEN (an unnatural commodity!) must know the wickedness of the SLAVE-TRADE, if they attend to reasoning, or the dictates of their own hearts: and such as shun and stiffle all these, wilfully sacrifice Conscience, and the character of integrity to that golden idol.

The Managers the Trade themselves, and others testify, that many of these African nations inhabit fertile countries, are industrious farmers, enjoy plenty, and lived quietly, averse to war, before the Europeans debauched them with liquors, and bribing them against one another; and that these inoffensive people are brought into slavery, by stealing them, tempting Kings to sell subjects, which they can have no right to do, and hiring one tribe to war against another, in order to catch prisoners. By such wicked and inhuman ways the English are said to enslave towards one hundred thousand yearly; of which thirty thousand are supposed to die by barbarous treatment in the first year; besides all that are slain in the unnatural ways excited to take them. So much innocent blood have the managers and supporters of this inhuman trade to answer for to the common Lord of all!

Many of these were not prisoners of war, and redeemed from savage conquerors, as some plead; and they who were such prisoners, the English, who promote the war for that very end, are the guilty authors of their being so; and if they were redeemed, as is alleged, they would owe nothing to the redeemer but what he paid for them.

They show as little reason as conscience who put the matter by with saying - "Men, in some cases, are lawfully made slaves, and why may not these?" So men, in some cases, are lawfully put to death, deprived of their goods, without their consent; may any man, therefore, be treated so, without any conviction of desert? Nor is this plea mended by adding- "They are set forth to us as slaves, and we buy them without farther inquiry, let the sellers see to it." Such man may as well join with a known band of robbers, buy their ill-got goods, and help on the trade; ignorance is no more pleadable in one case than the other; the sellers plainly own how they obtain them. But none can lawfully buy without evidence that they are not concurring with Men-Stealers; and as the true owner has a right to reclaim his goods that were stolen, and sold; so the slave, who is proper owner of his freedom, has a right to reclaim it, however often sold.

Most shocking of all is alledging the sacred scriptures to favour this wicked practice. One would have thought none but infidel cavillers would endeavour to make them appear contrary to the plain dictates of natural light, and the conscience, in a matter of common Justice and Humanity; which they cannot be. Such worthy men, as referred to before, judged otherways; Mr. Baxter declared, the Slave-Traders should be called Devils, rather than Christians; and that it is a heinous crime to buy them. But some say, "the practice was permitted to the Jews." To which may be replied,

1. The example of the Jews, in many things, may not be imitated by us; they had not only orders to cut off several nations altogether, but if they were obliged to war with others, and conquered them, to cut off every male; they were suffered to use polygamy and divorces, and other things utterly unlawful to us under clearer light.

2. The plea is, in a great measure, false; they had no permission to catch and enslave people who never injured them.

3. Such arguments ill become us, since the time of reformation came, under Gospel light. All distinctions of nations and privileges of one above others, are ceased; Christians are taught to account all men their neighbours; and love their neighbours as themselves; and do to all men as they would be done by; to do good to all men; and Man-stealing is ranked with enormous crimes. Is the barbarous enslaving our inoffensive neighbours, and treating them like wild beasts subdued by force, reconcilable with the Divine precepts! Is this doing to them as we would desire they should do to us? If they could carry off and enslave some thousands of us, would we think it just? - One would almost wish they could for once; it might convince more than reason, or the Bible.

As much in vain, perhaps, will they search ancient history for examples of the modern Slave-Trade. Too many nations enslaved the prisoners they took in war. But to go to nations with whom there is no war, who have no way provoked, without farther design of conquest, purely to catch inoffensive people, like wild beasts, for slaves, is an height of outrage against humanity and justice, that seems left by heathen nations to be practised by pretended Christian. How shameful are all attempts to colour and excuse it!

As these people are not convicted of forfeiting freedom, they have still a natural, perfect right to it; and the governments whenever they come should, in justice set them free, and punish those who hold them in slavery.

So monstrous is the making and keeping them slaves at all, abstracted from the barbarous usage they suffer, and the many evils attending the practice; as selling husbands away from wives, children from parents, and from each other, in violation of sacred and natural ties; and opening the way for adulteries, incests, and many shocking consequences, for all of which the guilty Masters must answer to the final Judge.

If the slavery of the parents be unjust, much more is their children's; if the parents were justly slaves, yet the children are born free; this is the natural, perfect right of all mankind; they are nothing but a just recompense to those who bring them up: And as much less is commonly spent on them than others, they have a right, in justice, to be proportionably sooner free.

Certainly, one may, with as much reason and decency, plead for murder, robbery, lewdness and barbarity, as for this practice. They are not more contrary to the natural dictates of conscience, and feeling of humanity; nay, they are all comprehended in it.

But the chief design of this paper is not to disprove it, which many have sufficiently done; but to entreat Americans to consider.

1. With what consistency, or decency they complain so loudly of attempts to enslave them, while they hold so many hundred thousands in slavery; and annually enslave many thousands more, without any pretence of authority, or claim upon them?

2. How just, how suitable to our crime is the punishment with which Providence threatens us? We have enslaved multitudes, and shed much innocent blood in doing it; and now are threatened with the same. And while other evils are confessed, and bewailed, why not this especially, and publicity; than which no other vice, if all others, has brought so much guilt on the land?

3. Whether, then, all ought not immediately to discontinue and renounce it, with grief and abhorrence? Should not every society bear testimony against it, and account obstinate persisters in it bad men, enemies to their country, and exclude them from fellowship; as they often do for much lesser faults?

4. The great Question may be - What should be done with those who are enslaved already? To turn the old and infirm free, would be injustice and cruelty; they who enjoyed the labours of the their better days should keep, and treat them humanely. As to the rest, let prudent men, with the assistance of legislatures, determine what is practicable for masters, and and best for them. Perhaps some could give them lands upon reasonable rent, some, employing them in their labour still, might give them some reasonable allowances for it; so as all may have some property, and fruits of their labours at the own disposal, and be encouraged to industry; the family may live together, and enjoy the natural satisfaction of exercising relative affections and duties, with civil protection, and other advantages, like fellow men. Perhaps they might sometime form useful barrier settlements on the frontiers. Thus they may become interested in the public welfare, and assist in promoting it; instead of being dangerous, as now they are, should any enemy promise them a better condition.

5. The past treatment of Africans must naturally fill them with abhorrence of Christians; lead them to think our religion would make them more inhuman savages, if they embraced it; thus the gain of that trade has been pursued in oppositions of the redeemer's cause, and the happiness of men. Are we not, therefore, bound in duty to him and to them to repair these injuries, as far as possible, by taking some proper measure to instruct, not only the slaves here, but the Africans in their own countries? Primitive Christians, laboured always to spread the divine religion; and this is equally our duty while there is an heathen nation: But what singular obligations are we under to these injured people!

These are the sentiments of

JUSTICE AND HUMANITY.

= = =

Thomas Paine

Remembered by others

Perhaps there is no more pathetic thing than the last years, the death, and the burial of Paine. The world would have been poorer had he died sooner; but to him, to the man, the gun-shot or the guillotine had been kinder than the unhappy life rejected by the nation he had given all to free, shunned by political cowards and persecuted by religious bigots,--even on his death-bed. But though so lonely, so pathetically lonely, there is something that sends a fine, cold thrill along the nerves in that strange procession and burial--that poor process, that procession of the Hicksite Quaker, the two negroes, the widowed Frenchwoman and her son.

--Voltairine de Cleyre, essay "Thomas Paine"


 

His name is Paine, a gentleman about two years from England--a man who, General Lee says, has genius in his eyes.
--John Adams, 1776


No writer has exceeded Paine in ease and familiarity of style, in perspicuity of expression, happiness of elucidation, and in simple and unassuming language.
--Thomas Jefferson, 1821


There is no need to eulogize Thomas Paine.

His life-long devotion to the cause of freedom; his undaunted, unshrinking advocacy of truth; his deep-seated hatred of kingly and priestly despotism; are his best eulogies. He was the architect of his own monument; he has chiseled, with a master's hand, from his mighty brain, and engraven with the fire of his own great soul, a monument that will last as long as the memory of man.

But should any be present who know him not, then let them study him in his works; and when they possess "Common Sense," and arrive at the "Age of Reason," they will be able to appreciate "The Rights of Man." But to honor the memory of Thomas Paine, we must do more than this. We must endeavor to carry out what he so nobly began, for his principles were not for one age or nation, but for all ages, climes, and people; and since the struggle between freedom and despotism must inspire him with the magic word independence, there never was a fitter time nor a more urgent necessity to carry out the principles he laid down than the present.

--Ernestine Louise Potowski Rose -- Speech on Thomas Paine's birthday, published in the 
   New York Herald,  January 31, 1852 and reprinted around the nation

In a letter written in 1887, Ms. Rose summed up her life: "For over 50 years I have endeavored to promote the rights of humanity without distinction of sex, sect, party, country or color."


That illustrious American             --Victor Hugo


 


Thomas Edison (center, with shovel) breaking ground for the
Paine Memorial House at New Rochelle, New York, May 30, 1925
Henry Ford is standing to his right.

It was my good fortune to encounter Thomas Paine's works in my boyhood. I discovered a set of the writings of Paine on my father's bookshelves when I was thirteen. It was, indeed, a revelation to me to read that great thinker's views on political and theological subjects. Paine educated me then about many matters of which I had never before thought. I remember very vividly the flash of enlightenment that shone from Paine's writings, and I recall thinking at that time, "What a pity these works are not today the schoolbooks for all children!" My interest in Paine and his writings was not satisfied by my first reading of his works. I went back to them time and again, just as I have done since my boyhood days.
--Thomas A. Edison


To Paine, also belongs the honor of naming our country the 'United States of America.' He was the first to use the name in print, and it was his own creation.
--W. E. Woodward, Paine biographer, America's Godfather


With his name left out, the history of liberty cannot be written. . .

He had more brains than books; more sense than education; more courage than politeness; more strength than polish. He had no veneration for old mistakes--no admiration for ancient lies.

It is simple justice to say that Paine did more to cause the Declaration of Independence than any other man.

"The world is my country, and to do good my religion." There is in all the utterances of the world no grander, no sublimer sentiment. There is no creed that can be compared with it for a moment.

--Robert G. Ingersoll, essay "Thomas Paine"


As to his bones, no man knows the place of their rest to this day. His principles rest not. His thoughts, untraceable like his dust, are blown about the world which he held in his heart.
--Moncure Daniel Conway, Paine biographer


Thanks to Robert Nordlander, WI.


MORE VIEWS OF THE MORRISTOWN, NJ STATUE ARE BELOW :

WEATHER, TIME AND GRAFFITI === 
Time had taken a toll, but thanks to Patriotic Citizens,
these neglected monuments have been restored.

BEFORE  RESTORATION !!!
Burham Park, Washington St. (RTE 24 W) in MORRISTOWN, NJ.
 
                                                         
 From Gilt . . . 1960's                            From Grafitti . . . 1970's   ==>       TO RESTORATION !

The Morristown statue is the largest, most comprehensive tribute to Paine (although possibly not as physically accurate in its representation of Paine - as others) and is only one of a very few statues in the world to the 'Father of the Revolution.'   
The Washington, D.C. area doesn't have a statue of Thomas Paine.

     

RESTORATION OF STATUES AT MORRISTOWN !
==> Thomas Paine,    
   Since 9-11-01 : "These are the times that try men's souls ... " 

 
        

   

Tom, ... some of us remember !

Click to the Thomas Paine National Historical Association ... :  
THOMASPAINE.ORG 
 Paine's letter to George Washington
 after Thomas had suffered in prison in France -
Tom's pro Free-Republic and ant-Monarchy trends before Jefferson's administration.

v

Thomas Paine at the age of 55 - 
Engraved in London,1792
by William Sharp from an oil painting
by George
Romney R.A., and considered to be an extremely good likeness.
========================================================

 The Statue of Thomas Paine 
-Burnham Park- Morristown, NJ is by GEORG LOBER:

Here is a photo of a statue of 
HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSON,
by GEORG LOBER, Sculptor 
-in Central Park NYC-
Story telling time for children takes place here weekly !
 
              STORY TELLING TIME !

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He does not endorse or control third party Web Site(s) contents.  Images, other than by T. Collins, are the (c) of their representative owners. 
Permission from T. Collins is required via the site's guest book for links with this site or elements thereof, except access by popular and public Search Engines.
 
 

 

Father of the American Revolution 1775 ...
 
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This page was l a s t  u p d a t e d by   Morristown . org  and  Revwar . org  God Bless America 
T. Collins  in NJ, USA on 02/08/08 09:46 PM   
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