H E A D Q U A R T E R S began here . . .
Home at Mt. Vernon,
Virginia was smaller, but expanded during the Revolutionary War
BEFORE WASHINGTON'S APPOINTMENT TO THE CONTINENTAL ARMY
CAPTAIN JOHN PARKER AT LEXINGTON
EARLY ACTIONS : LEXINGTON, CONCORD, AND BREED'S HILL . . .
"Stand your ground; don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here."
John Parker was a father of seven children, a farmer, mechanic, joiner and had been a tax collector under the unpopular "Stamp Act" in 1764, 1765, 1767 and collector in 1774." He was elected captain of the minutemen at age 46.
On April 19, 1775, he commanded over 100 Lexington shopkeepers and farmers against over 700 English soldiers. He showed great coolness and bravery, ordering his men to load their guns, but not to fire unless fired upon. After eight of his men were killed on that morning and several wounded, he collected his company and marched to meet the enemy on their return from Concord.
Though he was suffering, he marched with a portion of his company to Cambridge in May and again in June for the Battle of Breed's Hill near Bunker Hill. He died of tuberculosis on September 17, 1775.
OLD NORTH BRIDGE
AT CONCORD, MA
. . . and in Virginia . . .
PATRICK HENRY'S FAMOUS SPEECH "Give me liberty, or give me death"!
MUCH HAPPENED AT CARPENTER HALL BEHIND INDEPENDENCE HALL
WASHINGTON WAS APPOINTED TO LEAD THE
In 1775 at CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS, Washington stayed at
the WADSWORTH HOUSE
Wadsworth House was built in 1724 for use of the Presidents of Harvard HARVARD HOUSE - The Present Home of the President of Harvard
- July 2 - Jul 14+
WADSWORTH HOUSE home of
Harvard President Samuel Langdon - built 1724.
- July 15 - Dec 31+ John Vassell's House (until Apr 4, 1776)
The Vassell Craige Longfellow House - HQ 1775
(July 15, 1775) until Apr 4, 1776
John Vassel's House
(Washington given Honorary Doctor
of Law degree from Harvard Univ.)
(Washington set out for
New York to prepare defenses)
April 4, 1776
Joshua Henshaw's place
- Rhode Island
April 5 - 7, 1776
Stephen Hopkin's House
April 8, 1776
Jedidiah Huntington's House |
Governor Jonathan Trumbull's House Windham, CT
HQ - The War Office Lebanon, CT
Nathaniel Shaw's - New London, CT - HQ Apr. 9, 1776
|1776||- Connecticut||- New London||April 9, 1776||Nathan Shaw's Mansion|
|- Old Lyme||April 10, 1776||John McCurdy's House|
|- Fairfield||April 11, 1776||Samuel Penfield's Tavern|
|- New York||- Eastchester||April 12, 1776||Charles Guion's Tavern|
|- N. Y. City||April 13 - 16, 1776||William Smith's|
|April 17 - May 22||Abraham Mortier's|
|- New Jersey||- Road to Phila.||May 22 - 23, 1776|
|- Pennsylvania||- Philadelphia||May 23 - June 4, 1776|
|- New Jersey||- New Brunswick||June 5, 1776||Minnie Van Voorhees Tavern|
|- New York||- N. Y. City||June 6 - Aug 27, 1776||Abraham Mortier's|
Washington's HQ, Flushing, LI, NY Brooklyn
Washington's army was outnumbered and outflanked at the Battles of Long Island - July & August 1776
|- New York||- N. Y. City||Aug 28 - 30, 1776||Brooklyn Heights & Long Island, NY|
|- N. Y. City||Aug 30 - Sep 14, 1776||
|- N. Y. City||Sep 15 - Oct 20, 1776||HARLEM HEIGHTS Roger Morris' Mansion|
From September 15 through October 20, 1776,
Washington stayed at Harlem Heights, on Manhattan Island,
at the Roger Morris Mansion -160th St. New York
65 Jumel Terrace at 160th St & Edgecombe Ave. New York, NY 10032
By Car: Harlem River Drive to 179th Street, left on Amsterdam Avenue to 162nd Street
or Henry Hudson Parkway to 158th Street, to St. Nicholas Avenue.
The house is near the present Broadway and 161st Street.
The Main Hall The Tea Room
The Dining Room with Items Related to George Washington
Guard's Room and George Washington's Bedroom
LaFayette's Room Council Quarters
1776 - New York - Westchester Cty Oct 20 - 23, 1776 Mile Square - Valentine's Hill
Oct. 20 - Oct 23, 1776 Mile Square Westchester, NY - VALENTINE'S HILL
HQs were generally near WHITE PLAINS, NY Oct21 - Nov 10, '76
1776 - New York - White Plains Oct 23 - 28, 1776 Jacob Purdy's House - White Plains Oct 28 - Nov 10, 1776 Elijah Millar's House
Elijah Miller House HQ White Plains, NY Oct. 28 - Nov. 10, 1776
1776 - New York - Peekskill Nov 11, 1776 - New Jersey - Fort Lee Nov 13 - 18, 1776 - Hackensack Nov 18 - 21, 1776 Peter Zabriskie's - Passaic Nov 21 - 23, 1776 - Newark Nov 23 - 28, 1776 Eagle Tavern - New Brunswick Nov 29 - Dec 2, 1776 - Princeton Dec 2, 1776 - Trenton Dec 3 - 8, 1776 - Pennsylvania - Bucks County |
Dec 8 - 13, 1776 Thomas Barkley's
- Bucks County |
near New Hope
Dec 14 - 28, 1776 William Keith's House
( burned down in 1980's)
- Bucks County |
Upper Wakefield Twp
Dec 20 - 24, 1776 William Keith's House - Bucks County |
Upper ford Delaware
Dec 24, 1776 Thompson-Neely House
Johnson Ferry House, NJ
- New Jersey -Trenton VICTORY Dec 25 - 26, 1776 - Pennsylvania - Newtown Dec 26 - 29, 1776 (Mrs. John) Hannah Stewart Harris' House - New Jersey - Trenton Dec 30, 1776 (Loyalist)
John Barnes' House
1777 - New Jersey - Princeton VICTORY Jan 3, 1777 - Pluckamin Jan 4 - 5, 1777 - Morristown Jan 6 - May 28, 1777 Jacob Arnold Tavern on the Green
BAPTIST CHURCH & Hospital The Court House ON THE GREEN THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH and Hospital
THE TOWN GREEN -1777
The Continental Army arrived here just after their victories at Trenton and Princeton!
<== CONTINENTAL ARMY HQS FOR G.W. & STAFF
George and Martha stayed here during winter and spring.
<== This was the Washingtons' 1777 HQ
ACROSS FROM "The GREEN;" it was
Jacob Arnold's Tavern.
Churches throughout the county were used as hospitals
for the many small pox victims.
This tavern became the military information center about British-Hessian forces located 30 miles to the east & south. Click to see a walk-around narrative ==> streets and houses. The ARMY COMMISARY was located near The Green within view of Headquarters. Much of the army was east of Morristown.
1777 Washington HQs as seen in the 1880's
WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS BUILDING?
Click for more photos and info on the => HQ - and - Hospital
This 1777 Washington HQs "burned down" in 1918. The original building was built before 1764, probably by Samuel Arnold. As Jacob Arnold's Tavern, it served as George and Martha's first Morristown lodging during the winter of 1777, in the battle against Small Pox.
About the time of pre-Civil War, it was converted for use as retail space. In the 1880's, the owner planned to replace the Tavern, now stores, with a new (red) building to be built on the choice location across from the Green.
Town members fought to preserve the old building. The Arnold Tavern was purchased by
JULIA KEESE COLLES and was moved in 1886 to the southern border of Morristown, on the eastern side of Mount Kemble Avenue, Route 202.
It then served as a boarding house until it was offered for sale in 1891.
In 1891, Monsignor Dean Flynn conceived an "all souls" hospital for Morristown. He approached the Grey Nuns in Montreal, Canada. They came to see the property. On November 21, 1891 the nuns accepted the task to start a new hospital. Fund raising to purchase the Arnold Tavern began and the purchase was in September 1892. By 1893 the hospital was in working order, and became the original All Soul's Hospital to serve all races, colors and creeds.
The second floor ball-room was converted into a chapel. The dining room became a hospital ward. The operating room was gas lighted. A horse drawn ambulance was provided. Stables were constructed for horses and cows, and a steam laundry plant were built.
In the year 1893, 221 accident cases were treated. Many were from Wharton mines. Many were treated for free as charity cases. This count jumped to 300 or 400 in subsequent years. In 1897, expansion was planned. In 1899 there were new upper floor piazzas, wards and rooms for the Sisters and nurses as the building was widened. In 1900, X-ray equipment was installed. See the stories below about the 1904 fire!
The building was on the site of the present parking lot, across from the Morristown Memorial-Hospital REHAB CENTER, now know as RIMM.
ALL SOUL'S HOSPITAL WITH NEW UPPER FLOOR PIAZZAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1899.
On Thursday morning APRIL 5, 1918, fire spread in the old hospital when a pan of grease left in an oven overnight, caught fire and spread to woodwork and spread rapidly via a dumbwaiter to other floors. With coolness and courage, House Surgeon Frank A. Wade, Supervisor Viola the five nurses on duty, bravely carried all of the thirty-eight, aged, infirmed, three new-born babies and recently operated-on patients, to safety. The next shift of nurses from their Nurse's Home opposite the burning building were alerted, too. The patients were taken to Dr. Mill's house and neighboring houses for later transfer to Morristown Memorial Hospital.
A call for help from Miss Brizzette went out to Fire Chief Mitchell, a few minutes before 5 A.M. He dispatched "the Chemical" and soon William Robshaw, a driver for the Independent Hose Company requested more help. The Chief called in help from the Resolute Hook and Ladder Company and the Washington Engine Hose Company. Two general alarms were issued, but too few persons responded. There was also a shortage of extension ladders to reach to the roof of the fourth story in the rear of the hospital. The Mount Kemble Fire Department was praised for their early response, rescues and salvage work. The larger building was mostly gutted, but the first floor was saved. A third alarm at about 1:30 PM was called to put-out subsequent smoldering. The lost was estimated as $75,000 and was partially covered by $25,000 insurance.
The citizens of Morristown had provided funds for a new structure across the street. The construction of that new All Soul's Hospital would be rushed, with special consideration for filling the new building with convalescent soldiers.
Many persons were especially saddened, when they realized that the gutted building had been the winter 1777 residence of George and Martha Washington.
MORE ABOUT THE TAVERN WHERE GEORGE AND MARTHA STAYED,
WHICH LATER BECAME A HOSPITAL <= Click here
1777 - New Jersey - Middlebrook May 29 - Jun 24, 1777 - Quibbletown
BATTLE OF SHORT HILLS
Jun 25, 1777 - Jun 27 H. P. Drake House
Rev. Nathaniel Drake
- Middlebrook Jun 26 - Jul 2, 1777 - Morristown July 3, 1777 - Pompton Twp of Wayne July 11, 1777 Arent Schuyler's /
- Pompton Plains July 13, 1777 Van Aulen's - New York - Suffern July 15, 1777 Suffern's Tavern - Smith's Cove July 20, 1777 - Smith's Cove 11 Miles in July 21 - 23, 1777 Galloway's - New Jersey - Ramapo
July 23 - 24, 1777
Van Allen House
- Pompton Plains July 25, 1777 - Near Morristown July 26 - 27, 1777 Mondevil's House - Flemington July 28, 1777 - Coryell's Ferry
July 31, 1777 Holcombe-Jimison Farmstead House - Pennsylvania - Chester Aug 1, 1777 - Philadelphia / Roxboro Aug 2 - 5, 1777 Colonel Henry Hill's House - Germantown Aug 6, 1777 - Schuykill Falls Aug 7, 1777 - Germantown Aug 9, 1777 - Hartsville /
Aug 10 - 23, 1777 Morland House
GERMANTOWN MOLAND FARMHOUSE
August 1777 Near the Neshamini, Pennsylvania Encampment Site
LAFAYETTE ASSUMES A COMMAND AS
MAJOR GENERAL UNDER WASHINGTON.
Birmingham Meeting House at Chadds Ford - Brandywine
1777 - Pennsylvania - Germantown
4601 No. 18th Phila
MARCH THRU PHILDELPHIA
Aug 23, 1777
via Elphref's Alley
- Delaware - Wilmington
Aug 25 -Sep 5, 1777
Sep 3, 1777
303 West Street
- Wilmington / New Port Sep 5, 1777
- Chadds Ford Sep 10, 1777 Benjamin Ring's - BRANDYWINE Battle Ground Sep 11, 1777 - Derby
Sep 12, 1777
- Schuylkill Falls /
Sep 13, 1777 Colonel Henry Hill's - Buck's Tavern Sep 15, 1777 - Near White Horse Tavern Sep 16, 1777 Randall Malin's - Yellow Springs / Pottsgrove Sep 17, 1777 Red Lion Tavern /
- Warwick Furnace Sep 18, 1777 - Parker's Ford Sep 19, 1777 - Pottsgrove
- Colonial Road ...
Sep 21, 1777
Col. Fredeick Antes
- Reading Road Camp
28mi. fr. Phila
Sep 22, 1777 Kennedy's House - Schuylkill Camp
34mi. fr. Phila.
Sep 22 - 25, 1777 William Artes House - Yellow Springs / Pottsgrove Sep 26, 1777 Henry Keely's - Penny packer's Mill Sep 27 - 29, 1777 Pennypacker Mansion - Shippack Sep 30 - Oct 2, 1777 Peter Wentz's - Pennypacker's Mill
- BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN
Oct 4, 1777
Cliveden at Germantown
- Pennypacker's Mill Oct 5, 1777 Pennypacker Mansion - Pawlin's Mill Oct 6, 1777 - Towamencin Oct 9 - 15, 1777 Frederick Wampole's - Worcester Oct 16 - 20, 1777 Peter Wentz Farmstead
HQ Germantown, PA Pottsgrove Manor HQ - 1777
Peter Wentz's at Shippack, PA Sep. 30 - Oct 2, 1777
1777 - Pennsylvania
- Whitemarsh Oct 21 - Nov 2, 1777 James Morris House / Dawesfield - Whitemarsh Nov 4 - Dec 11, 1777 Emlin House - Swede's
Dec 12, 1777 - Gulph Mill Dec 14 - 17, 1777
Dec 19, 1777 - (June 18, 1778)
Rented Home of
Deborah Hewe's House
"The March to Valley Forge from WHITEMARSH, north of Philadelphia"
George Washington and soldiers For the full color original
- visualized and painted by refer to the Valley Forge Historical Society
William B. T. Trego 1859-1904
Click => to read about the Heroic
Artist William B.T. Trego, a courageous but sad story.
The approach to Valley Forge,
and the first month there, was filled with suffering, but yes -
"The Worst Winter" of the war was 1780 at Morristown, NJ
VALLEY FORGE HEADQUARTERS, NORTHWEST OF PHILADELPHIA
Late Dec. 1777 => Spring 1778
Valley Forge HQ is about a four hours automobile ride from Morristown, start very early.
Limited Hours - call ahead.
This should be called "Rolling Hills PA."
In Dec. and Jan., men were cold; supplies of food and clothing were extremely low!
1778 - Pennsylvania - Valley Forge
- Yellow Springs
(Dec 19, 1777) -
June 18, 1778
Visits by GW and Martha
- Doylestown June 20, 1778 - New Jersey - Coryell's Ferry June 22, 1778 Holcombe House - Hopewell June 23, 1778 John Hunt's - Cranberry June 26, 1778 - Englishtown June 27, 1778 - Middlesex County June 28, 1778 MONMOUTH COUNTY
- Near Manalapan |
June 28-29, 1778 - New Brunswick July 3, 1778
1778 - New
- Newark July 9, 1778 - Paramus July 10 - 14, 1778 Theodosia Provost's Heremitage - New York - Haverstraw July 15 - 16, 1778 Udny Hay's - West Point July 16 - Haverstraw July 17 - 18, 1778 Udny Hay's - 7mi above King's
July 19, 1778 Captain Drake's
- White Plains
- Pawling HQ
July 20 - Sep 16, 1778
Sep 12 - Nov 23 - HQ
Elijah Millar's House/
Reuben Wright's Mill
John Kane House
- Fredericksburg Sep 17, 1778 - Fishkill Oct 1 - 8, 1778 Brinkerhoff's House - Fredericksburg Oct 9 - Nov 10, 1778 - Poughkeepsie Nov 10, 1778 Glebe House
Glebe House Poughkeepsie, NY - HQ Nov. 10, 1778
1778 - New York - Fredericksburg Nov 11 - 29, 1778 - Fishkill Nov 29 - Dec 2, 1778 - New Jersey - ElizabethTown Dec 2 - 4, 1778 - Paramus Dec 6, 1778 - Middlebrook
Dec 11 - 21, 1778
1/2 House Leased from
Dec 1778 - Jun 1779
- Philadelphia Dec 23 - (Feb 3, 1779)
Wallace House Sommersville, NJ near Middlebrook
SOMMERVILLE, NJ HEADQUARTERS (RENTED)
Wallace House Dec. 1778 - --> Early 1779
Martha and George Washington went to Philadelphia for "R&R" and to meet with Congress
Continue . . .
CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE PICTURES OF
"The Worst Winter" was 1780 at Morristown, NJ
IMAGES OF GW HEADQUARTERS at MORRISTOWN, NJ , etc.
Other Images Later ...
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