H E A D Q U A R T E R S    began here . . . 

Home at Mt. Vernon, Virginia was smaller, but expanded during the Revolutionary War   
MOUNT VERNON FROM THE AIR.  

BEFORE WASHINGTON'S APPOINTMENT TO THE CONTINENTAL ARMY
John PARKER - minuetman ! 
CAPTAIN JOHN PARKER AT LEXINGTON
EARLY ACTIONS :   LEXINGTON, CONCORD, AND BREED'S HILL . . .                             

"Stand your ground; don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here."

John Parker was a father of seven children, a farmer, mechanic, joiner and had been a tax collector under the unpopular "Stamp Act" in 1764, 1765, 1767 and collector in 1774."  He was elected captain of the minutemen at age 46. 

On April 19, 1775, he commanded over 100 Lexington shopkeepers and farmers against over 700 English soldiers. He showed great coolness and bravery, ordering his men to load their guns, but not to fire unless fired upon. After eight of his men were killed on that morning and several  wounded, he collected his company and marched to meet the enemy on their return from Concord. 

Though he was suffering, he marched with a portion of his company to Cambridge in May and again in June for the Battle of Breed's Hill near Bunker Hill.  He died of tuberculosis on September 17, 1775.

OLD NORTH BRIDGE AT CONCORD, MA
CONCORD - Old North Bridge.

. . . and in Virginia . . .
PATRICK HENRY'S FAMOUS SPEECH 
"Give me liberty, or give me death"!
Old St. John's Church -  Richmond, VA

1775
INDEPENDENCE HALL in front of CARPENTER HALL. 
MUCH HAPPENED AT CARPENTER HALL BEHIND INDEPENDENCE HALL

WASHINGTON WAS APPOINTED TO LEAD THE CONTINENTAL ARMY

       In 1775 at CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS, Washington stayed at the WADSWORTH HOUSE
HQ Wadsworth House Cambridge, MA.    
Harvard House.
Wadsworth House was built in 1724 for use of the Presidents of Harvard 
   HARVARD HOUSE - The Present Home of the President of Harvard 

1775  

 

- Massachusetts

 

- Cambridge

 

- July  2 - Jul 14+ 

 

WADSWORTH HOUSE home of 
Harvard President Samuel Langdon - 
built 1724.
- July 15 - Dec 31+ John Vassell's House  (until Apr 4, 1776)

  
                                                                                      
     The Vassell Craige Longfellow House     The Vassell Craige Longfellow House  
                                        The Vassell Craige Longfellow House  -  HQ 1775


1776 

1776

- Massachusetts 

- Cambridge

(July 15, 1775until Apr 4, 1776

John Vassel's House 

(Washington given Honorary Doctor 
of Law degree from Harvard Univ.)

(Washington set out for 
New York to prepare defenses)

- Dedham      

April  4, 1776

Joshua Henshaw's place

- Rhode Island

- Providence 

April  5 - 7, 1776

Stephen Hopkin's House

- Connecticut 

- Norwich     

April  8, 1776 

Jedidiah Huntington's House | 
Leffingwell Inn

 
Governor Jonathan Trumbull's House Windham, CT
HQ - The War Office Lebanon, CT
Wadsworth Stable

Nathaniel Shaw's - New London, CT   -  HQ 
Nathaniel Shaw's - New London, CT   -  HQ  Apr. 9, 1776 

1776 - Connecticut  - New London  April 9, 1776   Nathan Shaw's Mansion
- Old Lyme  April 10, 1776 John McCurdy's House 
- Fairfield  April 11, 1776 Samuel Penfield's Tavern 
- New York - Eastchester April 12, 1776  Charles Guion's Tavern
- N. Y. City   April 13 - 16, 1776 William Smith's
April 17 - May 22 Abraham Mortier's
- New Jersey    - Road to Phila. May 22 - 23, 1776   
- Pennsylvania  - Philadelphia  May 23 - June 4, 1776
- New Jersey  - New Brunswick June 5, 1776 Minnie Van Voorhees Tavern
- New York - N. Y. City  June 6 - Aug 27, 1776 Abraham Mortier's 

Washington's HQ, Flushing, LI, NY Washington's HQ, Brooklyn, LI, NY
Washington's HQ, Flushing, LI, NY                                              Brooklyn              

Washington's HQ, Gowanus, LI, NY 
Washington's army was outnumbered and outflanked at the Battles of Long Island - July & August 1776

1776

- New York  - N. Y. City  Aug 28 - 30, 1776  Brooklyn Heights & Long Island, NY
- N. Y. City  Aug 30 - Sep 14, 1776  Abraham Mortier's, Robert Murray's, 
Motts Tavern
- N. Y. City  Sep 15 - Oct 20, 1776  HARLEM HEIGHTS Roger Morris' Mansion


    From September 15 through October 20, 1776

    Washington stayed at Harlem Heights, on Manhattan Island, 
   at the
Roger Morris Mansion -160th St. New York

 HQ  65 Jumel Terrace  at 160th St & Edgecombe Ave.  New York
 

        HQ    65 Jumel Terrace  at 160th St & Edgecombe Ave.  New York  HQ     65 Jumel Terrace  at 160th St & Edgecombe Ave.  New York HQ     65 Jumel Terrace  at 160th St & Edgecombe Ave.  New York
   65 Jumel Terrace  at 160th St & Edgecombe Ave.  New York, NY 10032
    
By Car:   Harlem River Drive to 179th Street, left on Amsterdam Avenue to 162nd Street 
or    Henry Hudson Parkway to 158th Street, to St. Nicholas Avenue.
        
The house is near the present Broadway and 161st Street.         

 HQ MAIN HALL . . .       HQ  THE TEA ROOM . . . 
The Main Hall                                                     The Tea Room       

HQ DINING ROOM DISPLAY 
The Dining Room with Items Related to George Washington

 HQ GUARD'S ROOM      HQ  BEDROOM.   
           Guard's Room                             and              George Washington's Bedroom

 HQ LaFayette's Room    HQ  Council HEADQUARTERS. 
    LaFayette's Room                                                      Council Quarters 

 


 1776  - New York    - Westchester Cty     Oct 20 - 23, 1776      Mile Square - Valentine's Hill


Oct. 20 - Oct 23, 1776 Mile Square Westchester, NY - VALENTINE'S HILL

  HQ White Plains, NY   HQ White Plains, NY 
 
HQs were generally near WHITE PLAINS, NY Oct21 - Nov 10, '76

 1776 - New York  - White Plains   Oct 23 - 28, 1776       Jacob Purdy's House
- White Plains   Oct 28 - Nov 10, 1776  Elijah Millar's House

Elijah Miller House  HQ White Plains, NY 
Elijah Miller House  HQ White Plains, NY   Oct. 28 - Nov. 10, 1776

  
HQ HACKENSACK

  HQ NEWARK, NJ 
HQ NEWARK

1776  - New York - Peekskill    Nov 11, 1776 
- New Jersey - Fort Lee Nov 13 - 18, 1776 
- Hackensack  Nov 18 - 21, 1776   Peter Zabriskie's
- Passaic  Nov 21 - 23, 1776
- Newark  Nov 23 - 28, 1776  Eagle Tavern 
- New Brunswick  Nov 29 - Dec 2, 1776
- Princeton  Dec  2, 1776   
- Trenton    Dec  3 - 8, 1776  
- Pennsylvania  - Bucks County |
  Trenton Falls  
Dec  8 - 13, 1776 Thomas Barkley's 
Summerseat (Morrisville)
- Bucks County |
  near New Hope 
Dec 14 - 28, 1776 William Keith's House 
( burned down in 1980's)
- Bucks County | 
  Upper Wakefield Twp 
Dec 20 - 24, 1776 William Keith's House
- Bucks County | 
  Upper ford Delaware
Dec  24, 1776    Thompson-Neely House
Johnson Ferry House, NJ
- New Jersey      -Trenton VICTORY  Dec 25 - 26, 1776
- Pennsylvania  - Newtown Dec 26 - 29, 1776 (Mrs. John) Hannah Stewart Harris' House
- New Jersey  - Trenton  Dec 30, 1776  (Loyalist) 
John Barnes' House 

NEWTOWN HQ and SUPPLY CENTER  NEWTOWN, PA


1777

1777 - New Jersey - Princeton VICTORY Jan  3, 1777
- Pluckamin    Jan  4 -  5, 1777   
- Morristown  Jan  6 -  May 28, 1777 Jacob Arnold Tavern on the Green

     
 

MORRISTOWN, NJ 
Morristown, NJ AM. BAPTIST Church 1777. 
                                  Morristown, NJ Courthouse on the Green 1777.                                   Morristown, NJ PRESBYTERIAN Church on "The Green" 1777.            
BAPTIST CHURCH & Hospital       The Court House ON THE GREEN        THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH and Hospital
                                                                ==================================  
                                       
THE TOWN GREEN -1777
                                        ==================================
The Continental Army arrived here just after their victories at Trenton and Princeton! 
WASHINGTON HQ 1777 at "the GREEN."  <
== CONTINENTAL ARMY HQS FOR G.W. & STAFF
  George and Martha stayed here during winter and spring.
 <== This was the Washingtons' 1777 HQ
        ACROSS FROM "The GREEN;" it was 
       
Jacob Arnold's Tavern     
          Churches throughout the county were used as hospitals 
for the many small pox victims. 
 

This tavern became the military information center about British-Hessian forces located 30 miles to the east & south.  Click to see a walk-around narrative ==> streets and houses.
The ARMY COMMISARY was located near The Green within view of Headquarters.  Much of the army was east of Morristown.

1777 Washington HQs as seen in the 1880's

 1886 photo of the 1777 HQ - Jacob Arnold Tavern. 

WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS BUILDING?
Click
for more photos and info on the => HQ - and - Hospital
This 1777 Washington HQs "burned down" in 1918.  The original building was built before 1764, probably by Samuel Arnold.  As Jacob Arnold's Tavern, it served as George and Martha's first Morristown lodging during the winter of 1777, in the battle against Small Pox.  

About the time of pre-Civil War, it was converted for use as retail space.  In the 1880's, the owner planned to replace the Tavern, now stores, with a new (red) building to be built on the choice location across from the Green.  

Town members fought to preserve the old building.   The Arnold Tavern was purchased by 
JULIA KEESE COLLES and was moved in 1886 to the southern border of Morristown, on the eastern side of Mount Kemble Avenue, Route 202.  

It then served as a boarding house until it was offered for sale in 1891.

MoTwn All Souls Hospital was the 1777 GW HQIn 1891, Monsignor Dean Flynn conceived an "all souls" hospital for Morristown.  He approached the Grey Nuns in Montreal, Canada.  They came to see the property.  On November 21, 1891 the nuns accepted the task to start a new hospital. Fund raising to purchase the Arnold Tavern began and the purchase was in September 1892. By 1893 the hospital was in working order,  and became the original All Soul's Hospital to serve all races, colors and creeds. 

 The second floor ball-room was converted into a chapel.  The dining room became a hospital ward.  The operating room was gas lighted.  A horse drawn ambulance was provided.  Stables were constructed for horses and cows, and a steam laundry plant were built.  

In the year 1893, 221 accident cases were treated.  Many were from Wharton mines.  Many  were treated for free as charity cases.  This count jumped to 300 or 400 in subsequent years.  In 1897, expansion was planned.  In 1899 there were new upper floor piazzas, wards and rooms for the Sisters and nurses as the building was widened.  In 1900, X-ray equipment was installed.  See the stories below about the 1904 fire!

The building was on the site of the present parking lot, across from the Morristown Memorial-Hospital REHAB CENTER, now know as RIMM.  
 1777 HQ became All Souls Hospital - Burned down in 1918.  


 

ALL SOUL'S HOSPITAL WITH NEW UPPER FLOOR PIAZZAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1899. 
ALL SOUL'S HOSPITAL WITH NEW UPPER FLOOR PIAZZAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1899.

On Thursday morning APRIL 5, 1918, fire spread in the old hospital when a pan of grease left in an oven overnight, caught fire and spread to woodwork and spread rapidly via a dumbwaiter to other floors. With coolness and courage, House Surgeon Frank A. Wade, Supervisor Viola the five nurses on duty, bravely carried all of the thirty-eight, aged, infirmed, three new-born babies and recently operated-on patients, to safety.  The next shift of nurses from their Nurse's Home opposite the burning building were alerted, too.  The patients were taken to Dr. Mill's house and neighboring houses for later transfer to Morristown Memorial Hospital.

A call for help from Miss Brizzette went out to Fire Chief Mitchell, a few minutes before 5 A.M.  He dispatched "the Chemical" and soon William Robshaw, a driver for the Independent Hose Company requested more help.  The Chief called in help from the Resolute Hook and Ladder Company and the Washington Engine Hose Company.  Two general alarms were issued, but too few persons responded.  There was also a shortage of extension ladders to reach to the roof of the fourth story in the rear of the hospital.  The Mount Kemble Fire Department was praised for their early response, rescues and salvage work.  The larger building was mostly gutted, but the first floor was saved.  A third alarm at about 1:30 PM was called to put-out subsequent smoldering.  The lost was estimated as $75,000 and was partially covered by $25,000 insurance.

The citizens of Morristown had provided funds for a new structure across the street.  The construction of that new All Soul's Hospital would be rushed, with special consideration for filling the new building with convalescent soldiers.  

Many persons were especially saddened, when they realized that the gutted building had been the winter 1777 residence of George and Martha Washington.

MORE ABOUT THE TAVERN WHERE GEORGE AND MARTHA STAYED,
WHICH LATER BECAME A HOSPITAL  <= Click here

 HQ - Plainfield, NJ HQ - Plainfield, NJ
Plainfield

North Plainfield
 HQ North Plainfield, NJ 

  HQ  Lambertville, NJ    HQ  Lambertville, NJ  

1777 - New Jersey  - Middlebrook   May 29 - Jun 24, 1777 
- Quibbletown   
BATTLE OF SHORT HILLS
- Plainfield
Jun  25, 1777 - Jun 27    H. P. Drake House
Rev. Nathaniel Drake
- Middlebrook   Jun  26 -  Jul  2, 1777
- Morristown  July  3, 1777
- Pompton Twp of Wayne July 11, 1777   Arent Schuyler's /
Colfax House
- Pompton Plains  July 13, 1777 Van Aulen's
- New York - Suffern  July 15, 1777 Suffern's Tavern
- Smith's Cove   July 20, 1777
- Smith's Cove 11 Miles in July 21 - 23, 1777 Galloway's
- New Jersey  - Ramapo 
- Oakland 
July 23 - 24, 1777      
Van Allen House
- Pompton Plains        July 25, 1777
- Near Morristown  July 26 - 27, 1777 Mondevil's House 
- Flemington  July 28, 1777 
- Coryell's Ferry
  (Lambertville)
July 31, 1777 Holcombe-Jimison Farmstead House  
- Pennsylvania - Chester Aug  1, 1777    
- Philadelphia / Roxboro  Aug  2 -  5, 1777 Colonel Henry Hill's House
- Germantown  Aug  6, 1777
- Schuykill Falls  Aug  7, 1777 
- Germantown  Aug  9, 1777 
- Hartsville / 
  Neshaminy Camp
Aug 10 - 23, 1777  Morland House

 GERMANTOWN                      MOLAND FARMHOUSE
  
HQ Germantown, PA          MOLAND FARMHOUSE GW assigned LaFayette and Von Streuben  
                         August 1777 
      Near the Neshamini, Pennsylvania Encampment Site 
                                                          LAFAYETTE ASSUMES A COMMAND AS 
                                                         MAJOR GENERAL UNDER WASHINGTON.


Birmingham Meeting House near CHADDS FORD, PA                                        HQ near Brandywine . . .
    Birmingham Meeting House at Chadds Ford  -  Brandywine

Burned Sept. 1931 - HQ Brandywind near Chadds Ford, PA.  
 HQ  Brandywine House . . .  


1777  - Pennsylvania - Germantown  
  4601 No. 18th Phila 
MARCH THRU PHILDELPHIA
Aug 23, 1777 

Stenton's

via Elphref's Alley
- Delaware  - Wilmington 
- Newark
Aug 25 -Sep 5, 1777
Sep 3, 1777
303 West Street
Hale-Byrnes House
- Wilmington / New Port Sep  5, 1777 

-Pennsylvania 
- Chadds Ford  Sep 10, 1777   Benjamin Ring's
- BRANDYWINE  Battle Ground Sep 11, 1777
- Derby   
- Marion
Sep 12, 1777
 
Wayside Inn
- Schuylkill Falls / 
  Germantown
Sep 13, 1777 Colonel Henry Hill's
- Buck's Tavern  Sep 15, 1777 
- Near White Horse Tavern  Sep 16, 1777 Randall Malin's 
- Yellow Springs / Pottsgrove  Sep 17, 1777  Red Lion Tavern / 
Pottsgrove Manor
- Warwick Furnace  Sep 18, 1777 
- Parker's Ford  Sep 19, 1777
- Pottsgrove 
- Colonial Road ...
Sep 21, 1777
Pottsgrove Manor
Col. Fredeick Antes
- Reading Road Camp 
  28mi. fr. Phila
Sep 22, 1777 Kennedy's House
- Schuylkill Camp
  34mi. fr. Phila. 
Sep 22 - 25, 1777 William Artes House
- Yellow Springs / Pottsgrove Sep 26, 1777 Henry Keely's
- Penny packer's Mill    Sep 27 - 29, 1777 Pennypacker Mansion
- Shippack     Sep 30 - Oct  2, 1777 Peter Wentz's 
- Pennypacker's Mill
- BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN
Oct  4, 1777
     

Cliveden at Germantown
- Pennypacker's Mill Oct  5, 1777 Pennypacker Mansion
- Pawlin's Mill  Oct  6, 1777
- Towamencin  Oct  9 - 15, 1777 Frederick Wampole's
- Worcester Oct 16 - 20, 1777 Peter Wentz Farmstead

HQ Germantown, PA            HQ Pottsgrove, PA 1777 
              HQ Germantown, PA                     Pottsgrove Manor  HQ - 1777 

HQ Wentz at Shippack, PA  Sep. 30 - Oct 2, 1777
Peter Wentz's at Shippack, PA  Sep. 30 - Oct 2, 1777

1777 - Pennsylvania 
- Whitemarsh Oct  21 - Nov  2, 1777 James Morris House / Dawesfield
- Whitemarsh Nov  4 - Dec 11, 1777 Emlin House 
- Swede's     
   Ford
Dec 12, 1777
- Gulph Mill   Dec  14 - 17, 1777

- VALLEY 
  FORGE

Dec 19, 1777 - (June 18, 1778)
Rented Home of 
Isaacs Potts
Deborah Hewe's House

   "The March to Valley Forge from WHITEMARSH, north of Philadelphia" 
   Late 1777

Painted William B. T. Trego - disabled artist. (B&W version TJC)               March from Whitemarsh, PA to Valley Forge . . . Artist Trego 
George Washington and soldiers                             
For the full color original 
 -  visualized and painted
by                                     refer to the Valley Forge Historical Society
William B. T. Trego  1859-1904
Click => to read about the  Heroic  
Artist  William B.T. Trego,  a courageous but sad story.  

The approach to Valley Forge,
 and the first month there, was filled with suffering, but yes -  
"The Worst Winter" of the war
was
1780  at Morristown, NJ 


1778

 HQ VALLEY FORGE, PA     HQ VALLEY FORGE, PA    HQ VALLEY FORGE, PA  
VALLEY FORGE HEADQUARTER
S, NORTHWEST OF PHILADELPHIA 
Late Dec. 1777 => Spring 1778                   
Valley Forge HQ is about a four hours automobile ride from Morristown, start very early.    
Limited Hours - call ahead.
This should be called "Rolling Hills PA."  
In Dec. and Jan., men were cold; supplies of food and clothing were extremely low!


 

 HQ HOPEWELL, NJ 
    Hopewell, NJ

1778 - Pennsylvania - Valley Forge
- Yellow Springs
   Hospital Site
(Dec 19, 1777) - 
June 18, 1778
Visits by GW and Martha
Deborah Hewe's 
- Doylestown June 20, 1778
- New Jersey - Coryell's Ferry  June 22, 1778  Holcombe House
- Hopewell June 23, 1778 John Hunt's 
- Cranberry   June 26, 1778 
- Englishtown  June 27, 1778 
- Middlesex County June 28, 1778 
 MONMOUTH COUNTY
  BATTLE 
- Near Manalapan |
   Freehold 
June 28-29, 1778 
- New Brunswick July  3, 1778

 

HQ Fanwood, NJ 

HQ WEST POINT

1778 - New
   Jersey 
- Newark July   9, 1778  
- Paramus  July 10 - 14, 1778  Theodosia Provost's Heremitage 
- New York - Haverstraw July 15 - 16, 1778 Udny Hay's    
- West Point    July 16
- Haverstraw  July 17 - 18, 1778 Udny Hay's
- 7mi above King's
   Ferry
July 19, 1778 Captain Drake's 
Delav House
- White Plains

- Pawling  HQ
July 20 - Sep 16, 1778

Sep 12 - Nov 23 - HQ
Elijah Millar's House/
Reuben Wright's Mill
John Kane  House
- Fredericksburg Sep 17, 1778 
- Fishkill       Oct  1 -  8, 1778  Brinkerhoff's House
- Fredericksburg    Oct  9 - Nov 10, 1778
- Poughkeepsie  Nov 10, 1778     Glebe House

HQ Glebe House Poughkeepsie, NY 
Glebe House Poughkeepsie, NY  -  HQ Nov. 10, 1778

1778 -  New York  - Fredericksburg Nov 11 - 29, 1778       
- Fishkill      Nov 29 - Dec  2, 1778
- New Jersey - ElizabethTown Dec  2 -  4, 1778
- Paramus  Dec  6, 1778
- Middlebrook
  Sommerville
Dec  11 - 21, 1778

Wallace House
1/2 House Leased from
Dec 1778 - Jun 1779
- Philadelphia  Dec  23 - (Feb  3, 1779)  

Wallace House Sommersville, NJ near Middlebrook

      GW HQ Somerville, NJ      GW HQ Somerville, NJ     
SOMMERVILLE, NJ HEADQUARTERS 
 (RENTED)
Wallace House   Dec. 1778 -    -->  Early 1779 

HQ Old Livery House PHILADELPHIA, PA 
Martha and George Washington went to Philadelphia for "R&R" and to meet with Congress


Continue . . .
CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE PICTURES OF
 
WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS
|
V

"The Worst Winter"
was
1780  at Morristown, NJ 
IMAGES OF  GW HEADQUARTERS   at MORRISTOWN, NJ
, etc.


Other Images Later ...

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