Traveling is fun ! It makes you a most interesting conversationalist !
"siege-master" and "night fighter",
MADE HIS HEADQUARTERS IN THE
STRATEGIC HIGHLANDS OF NJ & NY
as a fortress and cockpit for the American Revolution.
Design your own DAY TOURS !!! - VISIT
WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS at MORRISTOWN, NJ !
Stay here, and then travel from here
using your own plans to see this and some of his other headquarters.
Click to read about ideas for "DAY TRIPS"
1. Morristown Area,
2. NYC "Old New York" Historical Area,
3. Washington Crossing,
5. Valley Forge,
or Broadway Musical
6. West Point,
7. Rocky Hill,
8. "a summer week at the Shore"."."."."...
But first click on nearby sites of interest :
The Edison Invention Factory: http://www.nps.gov/edis
Statue of Liberty & Liberty State Park: http://www.nps.gov/stli
Be a student of Washington's patience,
and of his suffering & courageous actions
See ==> Basking Ridge - JOCKEY HOLLOW, Morristown Overview Drives, NYC Wall Street Area, New Hope, TRENTON and PRINCETON Battle Sites, MORRISTOWN-on-the-Green, Valley Forge, Englishtown, Somerville-WALLACE HOUSE, MORRISTOWN Ford-Family HQ, PREAKNESS Dey House, Vail's Gate, NEWBURGH, WEST POINT, Fort Lee, DOREMUS HOUSE, ROCKINGHAM, Englishtown, Freehold-MONMOUTH-COURTHOUSE Battle Site, New Jersey shore.
VACATION in HISTORIC MORRISTOWN
This peaceful community was a major Military Capital of the American Revolution
and can now be a strategic "day-trip center"
for explorers of our Roots and for lovers of GEORGE WASHINGTON
and his character, good sense and rugged stamina.
Just as history-buffs of the CIVIL WAR go to
Gettysburg or Vicksburg to learn of the Civil War,
which resulted in death and great pain, but after 100 years -
led to a semblance of unity,
allowing a strong nation to cope with the "century of world wars."
History-buffs and lovers of sophisticated vacations now go to
Cambridge, Morristown, Alexandria, and Philadelphia
to absorb experiences of our other civil war, the
- which resulted in a break from arbitrary non-representative foreign rule from overseas.
The sites are ...
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. to travel to BOSTON, Concord, Lexington, Dorchester Heights, Maine, Quebec, Montreal, Ticonderoga, Vermont, Connecticut and Rhode Island,
MORRISTOWN, NJ to travel to New York City, Preakness, Somerville,
Princeton, Trenton, Valley Forge, PA and Newburgh, NY, NJ shore and Monmouth.
ALEXANDRIA, VA to see Mount Vernon, Pope's Creek,
Ferry Farm, Fredericksburg, Williamsburg, Yorktown, VA;
Annapolis, MD; Washington, DC and Charleston, SC.
PHILADELPHIA to study the roots and documents of our
Democratic-Republic and Washington's early experiences near Pittsburgh. For our Constitution, the founders considered early governments of Greece, Italy, France (Montesquieu outlined the three separate government branches - executive, legislative, and judicial) and England (John Locke reminded us that governments exist to protect the minority, and that man had inalienable rights of life, freedom of speech and thought, and also of property). Our laws look back to the Ten Commandments, Roman Law, the English Bill of Rights, the Magna Carta, the Mayflower Charter, local customs - and current legal needs.
VACATION HERE : Visit NJ, NY City, PA. & NY State
Click on towns in a Morris County MAP for information on this beautiful countryside, just 30 miles from New York City.....
Have your travel agent book MorrisTown, NJ LODGING :
Information Just over "60 minutes from BROADWAY"
and "WALL STREET" via train, bus or car.
And it is a pleasant drive to skyland lakes, great ocean beaches, the fabulous Hudson River Valley and the Delaware River for canoeing.
Go to bottom (but why!)... TOP ...
Explorer = Use Refresh to see again.
to Ideas for
Morristown, NYC, Washington Crossing, Preakness, Valley Forge, West Point, Rocky Hill, the Shore.
DAY TOUR from MorrisTown, NJ
Create your own day tour - wish for good weather !
This describes one journey, which I took encircling Morristown and walking the town.
Suggested for IDEAS 1 Study the Years 1759 - 1775, 1776 and think of BOSTON where Washington built a strong force in 1775 and his siege drove out the British at 3AM in early 1776.
Brochures picked up in Morristown at the visitor's center, on court street, will explain part of the years of 1777, 1779, and 1780 in Morristown.
If you do not want to rent a car on your first day, follow Ideas 2, if the weather is clear, for
a train ride to New York City ... then rent the car starting the next day,
using the car for days 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 IDEAS.
Learn the local "WASHINGTON" territory
Circle the forests and valleys around MorrisTown and nearby town(s)
and "Walk the Town".
This describes notes for one approximate 20 mile journey, which I took.
I will write it as a suggestion.
First pick up your (rental?) car, possibly, near Ridgedale Avenue and Morris Street -
AVIS, ECONOMY, HERTZ, THRIFT, etc., ...
Have plenty of gasoline and oil. Wear a smile!
Have an automobile. Have old Walking Shoes, because of gravel at the
"Raptor Trust": bird hospital and sanctuary for Owls, Bald Eagles, Falcons, Hawks, Buzzards, etc. The trust is almost next door to the site where Washington first slept in this area in 1773 - before the war.
Go to Ideas for
Morristown, NYC, Washington Crossing, Preakness, Valley Forge, West Point,
Rocky Hill, the Shore.
The OUTER "Countryside" CIRCLE
Drive in the surrounding countryside and forests
You have checked into your hotel, relaxed, located their restaurant for quick breakfasts. Or you may enjoy flavored coffee and pastry-breakfast at La Bakerie' on Dehart Street. You have become familiar with the local maps - note that the terms "north and south" should be applied to James Street and Route 53. The terms "east and west" should be applied to Columbia Turnpike and Mendham Road (old Route 24). Most other streets are at angles to the compass ...also, maybe, South Street should have been named Southeast Street in town; maybe Western Avenue should have been named SouthWesternish Avenue.
If you did not arrive in your own car, you or your travel-agent should have arranged for pickup of a rental car, (which can be delivered to some of the local hotels). Someday, someone will make these packaged-tours using a bus.
Note: the Green is the heart of town, South Street runs Southeast from there past these streets ... Dehart, Community, Pine, Miller, Elm-Madison, and James Street.
To get to the RAPTOR TRUST from Morristown, from South Street, take James Street, out of town, past the Mormon-Church of Jesus Christ of the LDS (and genealogy research library), for about 3-1/2 miles south to Blue Mill Road.
Then turn right at the stop sign, go about 1 mile past the Hanover Township Town-Hall on the right and Christ the King church on the left, and Bayne Park on the right to the New Vernon traffic light
Then turn half-left (almost straight ahead) past (in front of) the white Presbyterian Church to take Lees Hill Road for about 3.8 miles to a traffic light at North Maple Avenue (turn left) toward Basking Ridge. It is about 1 mile to the town. As you enter Basking Ridge bear-half-left past the Basking Ridge Library onto South Maple Avenue for about 1 mile, past the Lord Stirling Stables (horse farm on the left). Then turn left onto Lord Stirling Road.
The site (only) was "Lord Stirling's", for his then huge manor house (in 1773, known as "the buildings"), where Washington and John Parke Custis first stayed in 1773. The manor house is where General Greene stayed as a "Headquarters" - (I assume that General Stirling was often there, too, since he owned the estate) - A council of war was held here by the generals on May 2, 1777 to decide the relative strengths of the armies at Morristown and the British at New Brunswick - it was decided to withhold any attack - "wait and see". The property now has a square-ish two story house across from the Lord Stirling School. Morris County volunteer students have done "diggings in recent years and found relics."
Drive for 1 mile on Lord Stirling Road to the Somerset County Environmental Center (open 9-4:30+) as a Great Swamp visitor's center. You may want to turn left into the parking lot. This stop can be skipped, unless you want to see a picture of Lord Stirling and a needlepoint image of his long ago Manor House ("the buildings"). There is some (very little now) history of George Washington's friend, "Major General Lord Stirling, also known as: William Alexander" on the lower level.
General Stirling had an aide-de-camp named James Monroe, who became our 5th president. Stirling's father was very much involved in "freedom of the press". Time is too precious today to spend at the center. Return on some other year's vacation!
(If you stopped-into the Visitor Center, as you leave, turn left). You will continue on a dark-gravel Lord Stirling Road for a short distance to a narrow white bridge. The name of the road then becomes White Bridge Road for .9 mile, look carefully for a small sign on the left, turn left into to the "Raptor Trust", and park.
It is a wonderful bird hospital and sanctuary near the Great Swamp (the gravel can be rough on "ladies' shoes ... high heals and dainty-shoes). Enjoy the beautiful bald eagles, owls, buzzards, hawks, and falcons. Parts of the Great Swamp may be observed from this site.
Please, try to leave a $contribution; the Trust does such good and kind work.
Set your mileage counter meter on your dash board to "000". In leaving the "Raptor Trust" and Lord Stirling's territory, retrace your route with the next goal being Jockey Hollow Forest by turning right onto White Bridge Road and Lord Sterling Road past the "Environment Center" for almost 2 miles - and then at the stop sign, turn right onto South Maple Avenue until 1 mile on-your-meter
(Basking Ridge is a lovely small town, so why not jog 1 block to the left and back again after seeing the state's largest oak tree beside the Presbyterian Church ? Their town hall, back a few blocks is the old turn of the century "Astor Estate.") -
If continuing straight ahead without the jog into town, you should take a half right, onto North Maple Avenue (as you leave Basking Ridge) - note that just south of Basking Ridge is where infamous General Charles Lee was captured by the British in 1777. at the then Mrs. White's Tavern.
Continue on North Maple Avenue through a traffic light (past Lee's Hill Road) (you have retraced your route, but now the route will become different).
Continue straight ahead past the AT&T Headquarters (pass under their stone road-underpass). North Maple Avenue passes over the Route 287 overpass to a traffic light at Route 202. Turn right onto Route 202 North at the "Grain House" and Old Mill. Your mileage counter should read about 4.8 miles.
Note that the New Jersey Brigade was situated in a wooded field about a mile to the west of this point in the winter of 1779-1780.
Continue driving northeast past the Minuteman Restaurant (coffee anyone?) and past charming highway businesses for about 3 miles. Turn left at the traffic light from Route 202 onto Tempe Wick Road. Drive northwest, climbing a curving road for about a mile and turn right at the sign for Jockey Hollow and drive into the parking lot at the Visitor Center.
Your meter should read about 8.4 miles ... reset it to 000 - (admission for Adults and Seniors is $4 per person- which is a 7 day pass and includes admission to Washington's Headquarters in Morristown, as well as to Tempe Wick House [General St. Clair's HQ], and the Jockey Hollow winter-military-camp-site and forests).
This is the site of 1779-80 American troop winter encampment, a time of great suffering.
Take brochures and ask the park service personnel about the history. Walk to the nearby Tempe Wick house for about a 15 minute look-around.
Drive slowly through the one-way tour roads of Jockey Hollow, being cautious of the passing deer. After about 1 mile, you will sight about four huts, you may park, and walk up to them across the drill grounds.
Think of this area with four or more feet of snow, the worst winter during the Revolutionary War with roads often impassable and with shortage of all supplies, and with near valueless money!
A drive in the woods! Note that there is another large park, Lewis Morris Park, just west of where you are driving - and vast undeveloped woodlands associated with the Delbarton School, also to the west; you are truly in the 1700's, but near a wonderful town, too...
Select the Grand Parade tour road (to the right) to head toward Morristown. Drive slowly north-east through the dark forest for another 2 miles. Drive out of the camp grounds and head still another 2 miles toward Morristown on Western Avenue past Picatinney Road (on left), the arsenal (on right), and Villa Walsh school (on the left) with a tall stone water tower. You may see the Fill-A-Belly-Deli on the left as you enter town.
Your meter might read about 4.7 miles from - near the end of the Western Avenue, near the colonial courthouse.
There is a brown sign pointing right to FORT NONSENSE. Turn right onto Ann Street and immediately turn 1/2 right, then 1/2 left past Walnut Street. Climb up the mountain for several blocks. This road through the woods leads to the mountaintop immediately above Morristown, to the small hilltop-green known as Fort Nonsense.
Park your car and walk around; on a clear day you used to be able to see the top of the World Trade Center twin towers of the New York Skyline? Someday a replacement may be seen. The annual fireworks in New York Harbor can also be seen from Fort Nonsense.
Study the Fort Nonsense canon and information plaques. Note the light colored tower in the eastern distance as St. Elizabeth College. It is about a mile to the right of the tower where the troops from the north first began to arrive at Loanaka Park near the town of Green Village in December of 1776. It is said that it was then that they first began to construct defenses at Fort Nonsense.
Return down the Fort Nonsense hill (to get back to and continue on Western Avenue). Turn half-right-ish, then half-left-ish onto Ann Street; then turn right onto Western Avenue - for one block to the end. Then turn left at the traffic light onto Washington Street (at the First Baptist Church). Drive down Washington Street past two traffic lights for about 1 / 2 mile ... then turn left into Burnham Park at "Burnham Parkway" or "Knox Place". Park you car nearby.
Go to the statue of Thomas Paine, read the many inspiring quotes on the base of the statue. This is supposed to be one of only three statues of Paine. One is in France and one is in England. The Paine Association may be creating another in Washington, DC.
He created the pamphlets, such as Common Sense, which fired the reasons and passion for the "Revolution", as was "Harriet Beecher Stowe", the writer of Uncle Tom's Cabin, which fired the reason for the Civil War against slavery. He was involved in the French Revolution, too. His little cottage is preserved in north New Rochelle, NY. He died poor. His popularity may have been hurt due to his almost brazen opposition to many forms of religion.
See the list of battles on a nearby monument; this was the artillery park for General Knox in 1777.
Exit with a left onto Washington Street, drive around curves (past a sign on the right mentioning the artillery park - traffic is probably too much - to slow down there). Keep going, curving to the right around a bend for 1 / 2 a mile to a right turn onto Kahdena Road for 1 / 4 mile, on left is Foster Fields, property on which General Knox may have stayed. The gingerbread house built in the 1880's is a beauty, but it cannot be seen from the road or parking lot-save for another day !
Continue on Kahdena Road for .7 mile to Sussex Avenue at the traffic light. Set your mileage counter to 000.
Turn right and drive uphill, curving toward Morristown for about .6 mile (just after seeing signs for the Rabbinical College of America) ... have your left blinker on, then turn sharp left down into Lake Valley Road; drive over a bridge (counter at about .9 mile); go almost straight ahead on Lake Valley Road crossing-over Lake Road for almost 1/2 mile (a barn is/was on our left) and look for a somewhat hidden quick-right turn onto Mill Road over a small bridge (your mileage counter at about 1.4 mile).
Mill Road leads east through a blinker light at Burnham road (counter at about 1.7 miles) to a traffic light at (at 2.0 miles) Speedwell Avenue, also known as Route 202 (in front of the Alfred Vail grade-school); turn right toward Morristown and swerve down to the next traffic light at Cory Road. Turn left and again immediate left into a parking lot of Speedwell Village.
Here, on Sundays and Thursdays, you may see where Alfred Vail and Morse invented the Vail-Morse Code and the successful Telegraph [and other things, too] !
Without this invention, you may not now have and "internet". And "WWW" would not mean World Wide Web!
Before leaving, observe the colonial-pinkish-red building, the cotton factory or invention site, within which the first electrical telegraph coded-message was sent and received. Also observe the dam, and fisherman's park across Speedwell Avenue-Route 202 (a part of Patriot's Path - a somewhat lonely site for fishermen, hikers, etc.). This was where early iron casting and nail slicing factories once existed.
Exit to the right (to the north) and go up the hill to the right - away from Morristown, up Speedwell Avenue through four traffic lights. This will take you into Morris Plains past Hanover Avenue, and past Friendly's (stop for ice cream or sandwiches?) At the Morris Plains train station, before the underpass, be in the left lane to turn 1/2 left-ish to park across from the small stores.
If you are hungry, and you might be by now ... there is nearby, the Plaza Restaurant, or the Chinese Restaurant - Cottage 1, or Arthur's for Steaks, Lobster, Hamburgers, etc. (long waiting lines in the evenings).
Set your mileage counter to "000". Drive back on Speedwell Avenue to Hanover Avenue, three traffic lights - and turn left (east). Pass over the railroad bridge and through a traffic light. Drive past the Mennen ... the-County Ice Skating Rink - and past the Colgate-Palmolive owned Mennen Company - with a traffic light at MLK-Horsehill Road and another at Ridgedale Avenue. Continue on East Hanover Avenue.
Just after crossing railroad tracks and the Route 287 overpass bridge, slow down - with plenty of right-blinker-light warning - to turn a quick right into the Frelinghuysen Arboretum.
Park your car and enjoy a leisurely pleasant walk around the circular path in front of the large house, which is now the headquarters for Morris County parks, drop in for brochures and information, see the little side rest areas and the Haggerty Center. The nearby white buildings are owned by the Morristown-Beard School.
Drive left out of the parking lot, "out the back gate" of the Arboretum near the tall pines. Turn right onto Whippany Road toward Morristown past Holy Rood Cemetery (on left), the Westin Hotel (on right). Whippany Road now becomes Lafayette Avenue. Drive past Acorn Hall, the headquarters of the Historical Society (on the right), and work your way into the left lane as you drive down hill. You might see a sign across the roadway announcing Washington's Headquarters. About a block or so later, slow down and turn sharp-left into LaFayette Place - just before and near Rt. 287 overpass. Then immediately turn right into the parking lot for the museum, behind Washington's Headquarters, the Ford Mansion and Museum.
Climb steps and take the pathway to the Museum doors. There is a gift shop there. They offer tours of the large "White House" shared-and-rented for Washington's Headquarters in December 1779 through May 1780. You will probably enjoy about an hour or more here. Be sure to walk around and into the white house on Morris Avenue - the headquarters.
Some people may want to walk down hill on Morris Avenue about four blocks to Ridgedale and on to Olyphant Place. The first house behind the Texaco Filling Station is the Schuyler Hamilton House where Alexander Hamilton courted his mate, Betsy Schuyler, who visited from Albany, NY in 1780. The house is usually not open, except maybe Sunday afternoons from 2PM - 4PM. Return to Washington's HQ.
Leave the parking lot to the right onto the one-way street, Lafayette. At the corner of Morris Avenue (another one way street), turn left and work your way to the right lane. Several blocks later, take a half-right onto Columbia Turnpike (South Orange Avenue) and drive for about 1/2 mile going uphill (observe the Morris Museum and Theatre on the left).
Be in the right lane; turn right at the traffic light onto Normandy Parkway for over 1 / 2 mile to a traffic light at another Friendly's ... turn left, east, onto Route 124, Madison Avenue, drive past office buildings and through a traffic light at Old Glenn Road until you reach Rod's Ranch House restaurant, for nice upscale delicious food.
A little side tour: turn left at the light and go toward the Convent Station train station, so that you may observe the very interesting architecture of Saint Elizabeth College. Then, turn back and return to the traffic light on Madison Avenue - Route 124 near the Madison Hotel by Rod's Restaurant. Turn left, east, for two blocks, then onto the very narrow Treadwell Road. Slowly zig zag southward to cross over Woodland Avenue near Loantaka Park, the area where some of the troops camped in December of 1776 and the winter of 1777.
To return to Morristown, continue past the park to Spring Valley Road, turn right and drive almost 1 mile - to where Spring Valley Road curves to the right and becomes SOUTH STREET. Continue past large office buildings and the Seaton-Hackney Farms riding-stables. Continue through a traffic light and curve left across the Route 287 overpass past the BEST WESTERN HOTEL to a traffic light.
You will now be driving northwest on "SOUTH STREET" (smile). There are various municipal parking lots along the way, but, I'll suggest one near the Green. So continue past King's Super Market (on the left), past the light at James Street, past the light at Elm Street, past the light at Miller Road, past Pine Street, past Community Place, and be in the left lane to turn left into Dehart Street.
There is an entrance to a Town Parking Lot, next to a blue building on Dehart Street. Cross the street to stop in for coffee, water, tea and pastries or sandwiches at La Bakerie', next door to the chocolate shop.
After enjoying the atmosphere and good coffee or tea, walk down Dehart Street, across the street, to read the sign in front of the white Sansay House regarding LaFayette, ... the house was once owned by a relative of Paul Revere, named Joseph Warren Revere.
. . . IDEAS 1
The INNER Street TRIANGLE
of ELM STREET, MORRIS STREET, SOUTH STREET.
Try "walks" in this lovely "walking" town
Walk to South Street and left toward the Green past Market Street (great Antique store down the block!) to Bank Street. Cross the street to find a sign on North Park Place (the Northwest side of the green - across from the Green) commemorating the spot of Jacob Arnold's Tavern, where George and Martha made their first Headquarters, on the second floor, in the winter of 1777.
The 1777 HQ building was moved south of town, many-moon ago - 1886. Eventually it burnt and was demolished on the site of the RIMM, Rehabilitation Hospital (now a parking lot). Wouldn't it be a wonderful salute to GW if the next builder on this town block would re-create the Jacob Arnold Tavern - HQ - within the new sight ... Ah! Dream on, it is only OPM, "other people's money" ...
here now, preview with a
Tour of Maple,
Maccullough, Miller, South etc. Streets , which has the
House (now privately owned) - creator of Santa Claus, Dem.Donkey, Rep.Elephant, Tammany
Tiger, etc. - and see Maccullough Museum, and
great Victorian homes)... for
sites in Morristown.
GET to know and make this "Your Town."
The old wooden churches, Presbyterian and Baptist, which were along "the Green" in 1777, were used as hospitals, as were many other churches then, due to the small-pox epidemic - probably brought in by the army. Washington attended services and funerals behind the Presbyterian church.
Walk northwest up Washington Street past Schuyler Place and turn left onto Court Street. About the first or second doorway - #6 Court Street -on the left is the Visitors Center for the County. Go in, sign in, smile, chat, get brochures. Go back toward the Green and look for the parking site of your car.
As you walk down the streets, take notes of the restaurants; Morristown is said to be the Restaurant capitol of "the New Jersey Highlands" and "the Skylands".
Try to locate the train station at the foot of Elm St., King St. or Pine Street at Morris Street, because you may try to use the train early in the morning on the next day! If you are near the train station and near the stores under-the-underpass.
You will be near Olyphant Place. If you did not walk there from the Ford Mansion, turn onto Olyphant Place, and walk a few steps - on the right is Schuyler Hamilton House ... where Alexander Hamilton met his wife Betsy. It had once been located next door, where the Texaco Station now is located. But it is opened to the public about once per month.
Pick a good restaurant, Enjoy! The Community Theatre and Headquarters Plaza have shows and movies.
Over a snack, read a bit about the battles in New York in 1776 in preparation for the next day. It has been a long day, enjoy the evening! Retrieve your car and settle in at your hotel for a good night's sleep. TOP ...
Go to Ideas for
Morristown, NYC, Washington Crossing, Preakness, Valley Forge, West Point, Rocky Hill, the Shore.
Create your own "New York City"
"fun on foot" day tour
This is "your" work
in Progress !!!
Create your own day tour - wish for good weather !
Important! Pick a day with " good clear weather "- so that you can see the harbor and Statue of Liberty.
Suggested for IDEAS
much walking is involved.
(a car would be a burden) Focus on Year 1776 -
This describes notes for one journey, which I took into New York City.
The hope was to view battle sites related to 1776. View to the South and East: Staten Island and Brooklyn (the Battle of Long Island). Four miles to the north: Kipps-Bay Midtown, Harlem Heights, Washington Heights, White Plains, Fort Lee. Looking to the west: the Watchung Mountain Highlands, and the distant flatlands toward Philadelphia ... Trenton, and Princeton.
Walk to the sites of little old New York circa 1776, 1784 or 1789, now "downtown NY".
Also, possibly walk the "esplanade or promenade" walkway in Brooklyn Heights, with a super view of the skyline and New York Harbor.
Have comfortable shoes for walking. Start early.
Note that trains out of Morristown lead to a split - to either go to Midtown or to Hoboken for downtown NYC (when re-opened). You will probably return late in the evening, so buy round trip ticket(s) for 1 day. Note ask for tickets to HOBOKEN. The train from Morristown to Hoboken may involve a train-transfer at Summit. Start very early. It should take about 1 hour to the Hoboken and there take a speedy little ferry boat to the World Financial Center (WFC) (if you are in Hoboken by 9:15 AM).
You should be back in Hoboken much earlier than by 11:30 PM for time-safety (you will need sleep for the next days adventure), or you would have to find an expensive Taxi home to the Morristown area.
My kind of adventure, the Over-Water Route to WFC !
Swallow and try to forget the nearby WTC disaster of 911 9/11/2001.
Enjoy the view of the harbor and some fresh air. Be careful getting on and off the ferry boat. You will walk up a ramp and toward the World Financial Center (WFC); walk around the boat-yacht basin and walk about six block south along the water front to the end, where there are small sand dunes with grasses, that grace beaches.
Breath-in the salt-air and return along the river side to the yacht basin, stopping by the unusual brick-parks along the way.
Across the bay is Staten Island, where the British landed a huge army, which eventually was transferred across the "narrows" to Long Island, to the left of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. The Battle of Long Island, near the then-small-town of Brooklyn, took place about 1/4 or 1/2 way out toward Kennedy Airport. The British discovered Jamaica Pass and "flanked" the defensive redoubts. Lord Stirling's troops fought a noble holding action to allow escape of some of the American troops through the swamps near Gowanus and Red Hook (the egress from Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel can be seen below, near Gouvenor's Island). The Dunkirk-like escape of the American Army, pulled off by Colonel Glover and his boat men from New England - took place from the Brooklyn Bridge area. There is a plaque mentioning Washington's Headquarters - at the end of Montague Street at the Esplanade in Brooklyn.
See Trinity Church at the head of Wall Street at Broadway. #1 Broadway was where British General Clinton lived; GW later lived there. GW also lived at Cedar Street, at Pearl Street; he lived at Mortier House (later known as Richmond Hill) at Varick and Charlton Streets near Canal Street overlooking the North River (Hudson), and, years later, at Cherry Street - (not much to see there now).
See Saint Paul's Chapel far to the north of Trinity Church; George Washington attended services there. The present City Hall is just beyond it. A statue dedicated to Nathan Hale is there.
You will see the Empire State Building near Murray Hill (GW stayed a night at the Robert Murray house on 36th ST. and Park Avenue). The following night, he stayed at Mott's Tavern in Harlem Plains (above Central Park). Washington rode back south to the area of the Empire State Building to the site of British canon fire and a skirmish, where he tried in vain to rally his panic'd troops. The British were attacking from near Kipps Bay at 33rd Street on the East River.
Look farther north to the George Washington Bridge, where Fort Washington would have been located.
Washington spent many days at the Roger Morris House at 10th Avenue and 161st Street near (the old Kingsbridge Road) on Harlem Heights, about a mile and a half below Fort Washington.
Out of town, to the north is where the Battle of White Plains took place in 1776 (the Miller House is preserved there as a Washington's HQ). Peekskill is up that way (near the Hudson River) as is West Point.
Fort Lee would be located where the NJ side of the GW Bridge is now. Walk around and look Look west. The nearest mountain chain is the "Watchung Mountain chain". You can almost see where Pluckemin, Springfield-Hobart-Gap, Chatham, Pompton, Troy and Morristown. Jersey City is nearby with tall hospital buildings. Middlebrook [Boundbrook], New Brunswick, [Freehold] Monmouth-Courthouse, Princeton, Trenton are to the left-ish on level land below the Watchung Mountains. These places are the backbone of the resistance against British forces throughout the most of the Revolutionary War.
G R O U N D Z E R O at one time we suggested the following - it has changed!
Try to go east into Manhattan to "Church Street" ( it is called "Trinity Place" one block south ). You will see the orange Nagucci Cube at Liberty and Broadway. Rather than go directly to the cube, instead, go left (north) for one block to the St. Paul Chapel burial grounds. Walk one block east to the front of the chapel on Broadway. After seeing Washington's pew - still set aside, say a prayer and exit onto Broadway. Say a prayer for the victims of the WTC terrorists' attacks.
G R O U N D Z E R O at one time we suggested the above - it has changed!
See City Hall and the Nathan Hale statue.
(the entrance to the steps onto the Brooklyn Bridge is near here - if you hike this two or three? miles to Montague Street, be sure to have more than one person, because it is often an isolated place).
Walk south on Broadway, to see the orange Nagucci Cube, or go south along the narrow shopping mall of Nassau Street.
While walking along lower Broadway or Nassau Street, peek east down the block to Liberty Street or Petticoat Lane and see the New York Federal Reserve, an Italian Renaissance building. (If on Broadway, walk three blocks south to Wall Street and go left, down a block or-two to Federal Hall).
For a time to rest your feet as you sit in the theatre at Federal Hall - and, of course, learn ('tis fun)!
At Broad and Wall Streets, a statue of George Washington is above the steep steps of Federal Hall, where Washington took his Oath to begin his first Presidency. Our first capitol was at this site. The state of Ohio was created here. (If you came via Broadway, it is about two small blocks down Wall Street from Trinity Church).
The New York Stock Exchange is just across from the statue - the new NYSE buildings will be across from the present or old NYSE.
Sometimes the waiting line is too long at the New York Stock Exchange - to enjoy entering the third floor-theatre and balcony overlooking the NYSE floor. So, just wander down Broad Street to Pearl Street and enter Fraunces Tavern and Museum - where Washington said farewell to his officers after his final victories.
Just across Pearl Street (1/2 block to the right) is a cut-out in the sidewalk to observe the relic of the old Dutch City Hall, circa 1650's.
Walk down the final block on Coentis Slip or Broad Street to Water Street (in 1776, it would have been under water).
(Those wanting to take a Liberty Line Ferry Boat to Liberty Island, turn right for a block or three past (Saint) Mother Seton's chapel, and across the large intersection for about 3 more blocks into and through the southeast corner of Battery Park to locate the ticket booth and boat).
Others may want to turn left and walk along Water Street, circling northish past the brick park, site of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Continue northeast for several blocks to Wall Street and on past the green glass building for several blocks to Fulton Street - turn right into the South Street Seaport's charming area of shops and old sail ships. At Front Street, cross over to Pier 17 restaurants and shops. Their Chinese restaurant has a great view of the Brooklyn Bridge and the East River. Brooklyn Heights is across the East River.
They have 1 or 3-hour boat rides from the South Street Seaport area.
Chinatown, is at Canal Street beyond the Brooklyn Bridge, but within walking distance if feet that can take a mile or two more; or try a taxi(?). A very-small Little Italy is across Canal Street from Chinatown at Mott Street. This is where George Washington and Governor Clinton waited before leading the victory parade-procession into New York town in 1784 - along Queen Street (Pearl Street, now). Pearl Street is nearby one block inland from Water Street.
(People on some "return trip" to New York City might walk across the Brooklyn Bridge from City Hall, on this Manhattan side - and look for Montague Street a mile into the Brooklyn side - walk Montague ... to the west for a fabulous view of the Manhattan skyline from the "promenade or esplanade." Take the R-Train from near Clinton Street at Montague Streets (the subway), back one stop into Manhattan ... not recommended unless you read all the signs and ask questions - on your busy GW day). Actually, you might try this now as a round trip taxi ride.
These paragraphs are for people who plan only one trip into NYC -
not recommended because you cannot see much from a taxi window ...
just mentioned ...
BITING OFF MORE THAN YOU CAN CHEW !
Some wealthy tourists might want to take a taxi all over the gridlocked Island, up the FDR Drive to 34th Street and across town. (I suggest that you just "read about it here").
This is where Washington rushed into action to try to rally his canon-frightened troops - near the Empire State Building. You would pass 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and Lexington (the old Boston Post Road) Avenues, then go past Park Avenue (Murray Hill is to the right at 36th St., where Washington stayed at the Mrs. Murray's House), Madison Avenue, 5th Avenue and Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue) at Broadway near Macy's (where in the evening, you would catch the Path Train to Hoboken at Broadway and 33rd Street - to return home to Morristown).
The expensive-taxi should then turn right onto 6th Avenue ("Avenue of the Americas"). Drive north past Radio City Music Hall (near St. Patrick's church at 5th Avenue and 51st Street to Central Park South at 59th Street - turn left and drive to Broadway - and right to go northish to about 65th Street, to circle back down or go around a block or two to return to 64th Street in front of the Lincoln Center for Performing Arts. Then ask the taxi to stay on Broadway, going South through "Times Square" between 47th Street and 42nd Street along Broadway - passing many legitimate-theatres on 46th, 45th and other side streets.
A right turn onto 42nd Street would lead past the huge bus terminal for busses to NJ) at 41st and 8th Avenue - eventually drive past the Aircraft Carrier "Intrepid" at 44th and 12th Avenue?
The carrier and destroyer would take a couple of hours to see, so this is not recommended for this trip. If you drive by just to see it, have the driver fight the one way streets to try to get back on 42nd Street going east to the UN on the other side of the island (14 long blocks away) - or just head for 33rd and Broadway to take the Path Trains to Hoboken for trains to Morristown, NJ.
(If at Times Square, you do not need to see the aircraft carrier, have the driver turn left onto 42nd Street (if that is legal) to drive east - cross-town to pass by the United Nations. You have not been past Museum-row on 5th and Madison Avenues - in the 90s, 80s, and 70s, but traffic jams can be total-grid- lock. So, have the driver bring you down 2nd Avenue to 34th Street and drop you at 33rd and 6th Avenue, so that you can go home after a long day).
Pay the taxi driver (lots?) and give him or her a good tip, especially, if he or she drove with sanity and alacrity.
Go down steps into the PATH train station at 33rd and Broadway. Below ground, you would look for a change machine to get exact change to enter the toll-turnstile marked PATH trains to New Jersey - and on the cars, HOB - 33 (for Hoboken) above the train car-door, (else you might end up at JSQ Journal Square - Jersey City). When in doubt, ask a person smaller than you, who has an honest face! (smile)! Actually, New Yorkers are mostly all wonderful and friendly. The train will go underneath 6th Avenue until Greenwich Village and then will go under the Hudson River into New Jersey to make the first stop in Hoboken. ]
However, if it is still around noontime or mid afternoon, and if you took time to take the Liberty Line boat to the Statue of Liberty, or went to Montague Street and the Esplanade in Brooklyn, it is suggested that you just do the downtown Wall Street, SouthStreetSeaport thing and possibly - Chinatown, and then just return to Hoboken via taxi or via the Path Tubes from 33rd Street (way up to midtown past Greenwich Village).
At HOBOKEN heading for MORRISTOWN
Get off the PATH train and climb the steps. Go into the Hoboken Train Station and look at the Schedule Boards for the Dover and/or Morristown Train. Ask, ticket agents or conductors to be sure, because they have been known to switch tracks at the last minute. Ask fellow passengers to verify that you are on the proper train once you climb aboard.
New Jersey Transit Trains to Morristown on the Dover Line :
Give your tickets to the conductor on the train.
After riding west 30 miles, leave the train at Morristown. Welcome home to Morristown!
(Some of the stops before Morristown are Summit, Chatham, Madison, Convent Station - and then Morristown).
Morristown Taxi phone numbers are usually available, if a cab is not then available.
What a day! Did you eat? If not, try a restaurant in Morristown or at your hotel.
Note, these trips are totally to be planned by you. This was just the way that I might have attempted a too ambitious first-time look-see into NYC for the topic of George Washington and the Revolutionary War. Have your travel agent suggest a better way. TOP ...
Go to Ideas for
Morristown, NYC, Washington Crossing, Preakness, Valley Forge, West Point, Rocky Hill, the Shore.
Create your own
fun day automobile tour
This is "your" work in Progress !!!
Create your own day tour - wish for good weather !
Suggested for IDEAS 3 Focus on Years late 1776 and early 1777
This describes notes for one journey, which I took. I will write this as if I was writing to you.
Travel to New Hope, PA, Washington's Crossings, Trenton, Princeton and Somerville HQ, and back to Morristown (By Automobile)
Start early, enjoy breakfast, take snacks and bottles of water.
Fill the car with gasoline and oil.
We are going to "cross the Delaware."
From the Morristown Green, take Route 202 South -the Thomas Paine Highway- via Bank Street at the Green. Go through Bernardsville (known as Vealtown in GW days). Go through Far Hills-Bedminster and continue on the highway 202. When it makes a sharp left turn at a traffic light, continue following route 202 south near Pluckemin and past new malls at Bridgewater (You are close to Middlebrook, where Generals Knox and Washington wintered). Follow route 202 past Somerville for miles toward Flemington.
" NORTHLANDZ " ... on Route 202 ...
This wonderful diversion takes an hour of walking on wood ramps and floors, but it is a rare-rare gem to see. (Little tots may have a problem, because the observation walls are about 3-1/2 or four feet tall - it is a bit much to expect them to be picked up and carried for an hour). There is a grand old theatre organ played by an expert or two. There are displays of "doll houses" and prints of artworks. However, the most unusual is "endless" unbelievable models of fairy tale mountains, houses, shacks and trains, trains, TRAINS in wild terrains.
To see this, (2 miles before Flemington, NJ) be in the right lane, at "River Road" (you may also see a road-sign which continues River Road as "Dory Dilts" Road), grab a right and another quick right into a parking lot of NORTHLANDZ . . . to see the fabulous terrains and trains (costs about the same as a movie or maybe more). There is a snack bar and facilities here.
Continue southwest on Route 202 (Route 1, Route 202 and Route 206 may have been George Washington's favorite routes?) through traffic circles at Flemington, continue on Route 202 for a couple of miles, (just past the turnoff at Ringoes). When you see a sign for Lambertville Route 179, take a right onto a jug handle curve, which leads around and under 202 onto Route 179 toward Lambertville (Coryell's Ferry in Washington's day). After going down hill around a curve, you will be turning right onto Lambertville's Bridge Street, which leads to the bridge across the Delaware River to New Hope, PA. Lambertville is now noted for antique and fine art shops. You may want to drive up and down Union Street and Main Street or have a bite to eat here or across the river in New Hope. Yes, Washington slept here !
Cross the bridge slowly and enjoy your first "peaceful crossing of the Delaware"! Look at the riverside eateries and decide if that is for you!
New Hope has a reputation of being busy with tourists on weekends at parts of town; however, most people seem to be drawn to the charm of New Hope anyway. It is a walking-town (along canals, back alleys, etc.), so you must find parking. There is usually some - straight ahead from the bridge - behind the little red train station (all day rates). There may also be parking at the far end of town (to the left of the bridge - and about seven blocks). Meander along the arts and craft shops and locate an ice cream store, selling many flavors. Behind this ice cream store is a ticket booth and a "boat ride" dock. Wear your sun shade hat, buy a ticket and go a-floating upon the Delaware river for about 30 minutes. This is your crossing of the Delaware!
(Enjoy, but also think about Washington's retreat through New York and New Jersey. It is along this stretch where Glover gathered most of the boats, preventing the British from crossing of the River. American luck swung toward victory with the nighttime, early-morning raid on Trenton).
Of course, this boat ride is not "crossing the Delaware", it is not night, and it is not "icy and freezing", but use you imagination. Washington used this crossing point and Stockton, NJ, also to cross the river several other times. However, this is not "the" Washington's Crossing of fame. Let us get the car and go there now.
Drive "downstream" beside the Delaware River, on Route 32 on the PA side, (or Route 29 on the NJ-side of the river). Drive south in PA for a couple of miles to what Pennsylvania calls "Washington's Crossing" park. Continue for a couple more miles to Washington's Crossing, NJ. Cross the Bridge into NJ, where Washington crossed the river at near midnight. About a mile up the hill, inland from the river, go to the Washington's Crossing Visitor's Center. See their museum shop and pickup the stories of those battles of 1776 and early 1777 - in brochures.
Trace back to the river, turn left down Route 29 to Trenton. Have your map available. Take the Willow Street exit to get to Barrack Street. Look for the "Old Barracks" near the river, and park nearby. See the Barracks (opened 10am-4+pm daily - Closed major holidays - Adults about $2 and seniors & students about $1, kids about $.50 . . . 609-396-1776.) and get the history of the site. Washington's forces defeated about 1400 Hessians here. Ask the attendants - how to proceed out of town in such a way to pass the BATTLE MONUMENT for Washington's 8 AM, December 26, 1776 "VICTORY AT TRENTON" on the way to Princeton. James Monroe (5th pres.) was severely wounded in the chest near this site (He later became an aide to General Lord Stirling). I believe that this will take you to Broad Street and to Route 206 or alt-Route 206 (Princeton or Brunswick Avenue).
Route 206 eventually turns left towards Princeton. Continue for about five miles, and stop by the Princeton Battlefield State Park (battle fought on January 3, 1777) and the Thomas Clarke house (where wounded General Hugh Mercer was taken before he died), - just west of Princeton. (609)-921-0074 Hours are about: Wed-Sat 10am-4pm (closed 12-1pm). Sundays 1-4pm. Admission has been free.
As you come into Princeton, you will see a grossly huge all white Governor's Mansion named with the Scottish name of "Drumthwacket." Route 206 turns left towards Route 202 and Morristown, but come back to this point when leaving town. I believe that they allow visitors one day per week.
Park and walk to the Princeton campus. Nassau Hall is where a cannon blasted King George's oil painting from the wall. The arrangement of one of the large rooms attempts to copy how the British Parliament is "laid out" - with facing seats separated by a distance of "sword point" to "sword point" as in London, England. The student chapel has beautiful stained glass windows.
I do not believe that you would have time to visit "Rockingham" at Rocky Hill a couple of miles north of Princeton. (we'll try to cover that with Idea 7 day). It was Washington's headquarters in 1783, when Princeton was the capitol of the USA. (I think the house, Rockingham is to be moved back to the original sight closer to the river at Rocky Hill). Monmouth Battlefield State Park is also a bit too far away for this late-in-the-day. Maybe we can see these on another day (idea 7).
So, let's head home to Morristown.
From Nassau Street as you approach the Grand War Memorial, be sure to turn (right?) onto Route 206 north (Route 206 also goes straight back to Trenton where you came from). On Route 206 north, a few curvy miles later, drive past a small Princeton Airport (near Rocky Hill and "Rockingham"), you will subsequently pass through Belle Mead.
The highway takes one strange "left, (climb-over railroad-tracks), and right - jog". Some time later, as you pass by the Doris Duke Estate (stone wall and Duke's Parkway) be on the lookout to make a quick right turn into Somerville (on Somerset Street?), when you see a sign saying "Old Dutch Parsonage" and/or "Washington's Headquarters" or "Wallace House".
A block or two on the right, you will see Midaugh Street, turn right and within a block the street turns left ... drive just past a yellow house and park your car. This is the Wallace House. Approach this medium size house from around-to the right from the side-parking lot. This rear of the house was actually the front of the house when Martha and GW slept here in a fairly easy winter of the war (HQ for February, etc. 1779). The stone Dutch Parsonage is now across the street (it was moved here). I hope that the hours are right to see the inside.
Backtrack along Middaugh Street, turn left to get to Route 206 North; there, turn right. Soon it intersects with a traffic circle ... pick up Route 202 North and soon thereafter, go straight ahead onto Highway Route 287 to Morristown. About twenty miles later, you are "home" in Morristown (use the first exit to Morristown into South Street, turn left to go toward the Green).
The driver(s) have earned rest and relaxation. Enjoy it here in Morristown, as did GW. Have dinner, walk the town, relax, enjoy, (smile!) in preparation for the next day of travel. Some sleep couldn't hurt, too!
The above is just my idea of a reasonable day trip, but you should rather - design your own, or have your travel agent help you. If the day passes too quickly, you may have to eliminate some stops. TOP ...
CONTINUE FOR IDEAS FOR DAYS 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Go to Ideas for
Morristown, NYC, Washington Crossing, Preakness,
Valley Forge, West Point, Rocky Hill, the Shore.
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